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The effect of temperatures on cold acclimation and deacclimation in foliage tissues was studied in Solanum commersonii (Oka 4583), a tuber-bearing potato. The threshold temperature for cold acclimation was about 12 C. In a temperature range of 2 to 12 C, the increase in hardiness was dependent on the acclimating temperature; the lower the acclimating(More)
Osmotin-like proteins are encoded by at least six members of a multigene family in Solanum commersonii. A genomic clone (lambda pGEM2a-7) that contains two osmotin-like protein genes (OSML13 and OSML81) arranged in the same transcriptional orientation has been isolated. Restriction mapping and sequence analysis indicated that the two intronless genes(More)
The expression patterns of plant defense genes encoding osmotin and osmotin-like proteins imply a dual function in osmotic stress and plant pathogen defense. We have produced transgenic potato (Solanum commersonii Dun.) plants constitutively expressing sense or antisense RNAs from chimeric gene constructs consisting of the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S(More)
We have characterized three cDNAs encoding osmotin-like proteins from potato (Solanum commersonii) cell cultures. These cDNAs (pA13, pA35, and pA81) have extensive nucleotide identity in the coding regions but low homology in the 3' non-coding sequences, and may encode three isoforms of potato pathogenesis-related (PR) type 5 proteins. Using gene-specific(More)
Upon exposure to 2 degrees C day/night (D/N), leaves of Solanum commersonii (Sc) began acclimating on the 4th day from a -5 degrees C (killing temperature) hardy level to -12 degrees C by the 15th day. Leaves of S. tuberosum L. (St) cv ;Red Pontiac' typically failed to acclimate and were always killed at -3 degrees C. Leaves of control (20/15 degrees C,(More)
BACKGROUND Drug-eluting stents deliver potent compounds directly to arterial segments but can become clot laden when deployed. The question arises as to whether thrombi affect drug elution and arterial uptake. METHODS AND RESULTS Paclitaxel transport and retention were assessed in clots of different blood components. Diffusivity, affected by clot(More)
The induction of chilling tolerance by abscisic acid (ABA) in maize (Zea mays L. cv Black Mexican Sweet) suspension cultured cells was examined. Cell viability during exposure to chilling was estimated by triphenyl tetrazolium chloride reduction immediately after chilling and a filter paper growth assay. Both methods yielded comparable results. Chilling(More)
We have isolated a cDNA (pA13) of an ABA-responsive gene from suspension cultures of Solanum cultures of Solanum commersonii. The deduced amino acid sequence of pA13 cDNA revealed 89 and 91% identity with tobacco osmotin and tomato NP24 protein, respectively. The accumulation of the transcript corresponding to pA13 cDNA was regulated by ABA, cold(More)
A decrease of protein, RNAs, and starch, and an increase of sugar were observed in 3-day water-stressed red osier dogwood plants (Cornus stolonifera Michx.) when the frost hardiness increased from -3 to -6 C. As the frost hardiness increased to -11 C after 7 days of treatment, the starch continuously decreased, however, the proteins and RNAs increased with(More)
The heterogeneous ice nucleation characteristics and frost injury in supercooled leaves upon ice formation were studied in nonhardened and cold-hardened species and crosses of tuber-bearing Solanum. The ice nucleation activity of the leaves was low at temperatures just below 0 degrees C and further decreased as a result of cold acclimation. In the absence(More)