Pamela Downs

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AIM Determine whether patients with Alzheimer's disease demonstrating functional and cognitive decline, following 24-48 weeks of open-label treatment with 9.5 mg/24 h (10 cm(2)) rivastigmine patch, benefit from a dose increase in a double-blind (DB) comparative trial of two patch doses. METHODS Patients meeting prespecified decline criteria were(More)
One of the most influential factors in science and medicine has been the development of placebo-controlled clinical trials. However, recruitment of patients for clinical trials is sometimes a major problem in clinical research. Successful patient recruitment may be enhanced with a clear understanding of the motivating factors that determine a patient's(More)
Studies of the effect of L-thyroxine administration (0.3 mg daily for 7-9 wk) on the peripheral metabolism of (131)I-labeled triiodothyronine (T(3)) and (125)I-labeled thyroxine (T(4)) and on the concentration and binding of T(4) and T(3) in serum were carried out in 11 euthyroid female subjects. Administration of L-thyroxine led to consistent increases in(More)
To obtain the strongest possible free radical spin adduct signal using the electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy-spin trapping technique, it is desirable to load an animal with the highest dose of spin trap possible. One hundred and twenty six male Sprague-Dawley rats were used to establish the toxic dose range for PBN (alpha-phenyl N-tert butyl(More)
The administration of exogenous iodides (saturated solution of potassium iodide, SSKI) to normal male volunteers resulted in a significant decrease in the serum concentration of thyroxine (T(4)) and triiodothyronine (T(3)) and a significant increase in serum concentration of thyrotropin (TSH). During the control period (phase I), serum concentrations of(More)
Our study examined the efficacy of four treatment modalities in controlling hemorrhage and achieving hemodynamic stabilization in hemorrhagic shock: intravenous fluid replacement (IV); military antishock trousers used concomitantly with fluids (MAST); balloon occlusion at the level of the diaphragm with concomitant fluid replacement (balloon); and a(More)
Endotracheal intubation of the rat under direct vision is described together with the details of procedures and apparatus for conducting inhalation anesthesia in this species. Our intubation method requires no special manufacture of equipment, because it employs the human laryngoscope equipped with an infant blade (size 0). Using inhalation anesthetics such(More)
UNLABELLED The effect of Military Anti-Shock Trousers (MAST) on inferior vena cava blood flow was studied during graded hypovolemia using a pump reservoir system and an in-line electromagnetic flowprobe. During hemorrhagic shock MAST inflation increased cardiac output 25.4% ( CONTROL 0.92 +/- 0.09 l/min) and arterial pressure 50% ( CONTROL 60 +/- 2(More)
58 expectant couples were counseled about family planning postpartum and husbands and wives were asked to rank preference of methods. Husbands preferred IUDs (12%), the pill (7.6%), or diaphragms (8.2%). Wives preferred diaphragm (10%), foam (8%), jelly (8%), and IUDs (6%). The process of discussion was then charted. It was found that wives were more(More)