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As part of a school-based alcohol misuse prevention study, questionnaires were administered to 2,589 fifth and sixth grade students to determine levels of use of alcohol, marijuana, and cigarettes, intentions to use these substances, and problems resulting from alcohol misuse. The questionnaire also included 45 items concerning susceptibility to peer(More)
An alcohol misuse prevention study (AMPS) curriculum for fifth- and sixth-grade students was developed, implemented and evaluated with over 5,000 students. The AMPS program emphasized social pressures resistance training, focusing on the immediate effects of alcohol, risks of alcohol misuse and social pressures to misuse alcohol. Schools were randomly(More)
Disclaimer: This report is released to inform interested parties of ongoing research and to encourage discussion of work in progress. The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the U.S. Census Bureau. KEYWORDS: Response errors, interviewer effects, cognitive aspects of survey methodology INTRODUCTION Important components in(More)
Past research, particularly in the area of adolescent smoking behavior, has suggested that more valid self-reports of socially undesirable behavior can be obtained when a bogus pipeline procedure is implemented. "Bogus pipeline" refers to a methodology in which subjects are informed that their self-reports can and will be objectively verified by the(More)
This paper reports on the results of a split-ballot experiment conducted in 1987 to test alternative versions of the decennial census long form. Two forms were randomly assigned and self-administered in group sessions involving a total of 515 respondents. The order of race and Hispanic origin items was experimentally manipulated. The standard long form asks(More)
Forty-nine schools (N = 5,680 fifth and sixth grade students) were assigned to pretest/treatment, pretest/no treatment, no pretest/treatment, and no pretest/no treatment conditions in the context of an alcohol misuse prevention study. At the first posttest, five months after the pretest and two months after the intervention, the effects of the pretest and(More)
The literature on the prevention of alcohol misuse and other substance abuse shows that most prevention program efforts to date have not been successful. Some possible reasons for this lack of success are discussed, and a recent, promising approach to the problem is outlined. An example of that approach, the Alcohol Misuse Prevention Study (AMPS), is(More)
As part of an alcohol misuse prevention evaluation, questionnaires were administered to 4,157 junior high school students to determine levels of alcohol misuse, exposure to peer use and misuse of alcohol, susceptibility to peer pressure, internal health locus of control, and self-esteem. A conceptual model of the antecedents of adolescent alcohol misuse and(More)