Pamela B. Davis

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Primary airway epithelial cells grown in air-liquid interface differentiate into cultures that resemble native epithelium morphologically, express ion transport similar to those in vivo, and secrete cytokines in response to stimuli. Comparisons of cultures derived from normal and cystic fibrosis (CF) individuals are difficult to interpret due to genetic(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) was distinguished from celiac disease in 1938. Then, it was a pathologic diagnosis, life expectancy was approximately 6 months, and the autosomal recessive disease was believed to arise from abnormal mucus plugging exocrine ducts. Death often occurred from lung infection. Discovery of the sweat electrolyte defect in 1953 and(More)
RATIONALE Cystic fibrosis is caused by defects in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene, which codes for a chloride channel, but the role of this chloride channel in inflammation induced by lung infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa remains to be defined. OBJECTIVES We tested the hypothesis that loss of this chloride channel alone(More)
A double-blind, dose escalation gene transfer trial was conducted in subjects with cystic fibrosis (CF), among whom placebo (saline) or compacted DNA was superfused onto the inferior turbinate of the right or left nostril. The vector consisted of single molecules of plasmid DNA carrying the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator- encoding gene compacted(More)
DNA can be compacted using polyethylene glycol-substituted poly-L-lysine into discrete unimolecular (with respect to DNA) nanoparticles with minor diameter < 20 nm that are stable in normal saline for at least 23 months at 4 degrees C. We compared the activity of firefly luciferase in lungs of C57BL/6 mice that received 100 microg compacted plasmid in 25(More)
Improvements in outcomes for patients who have cystic fibrosis (CF) have been striking in the last 30 years. Median survival now approaches the fifth decade of life. Advances in the understanding of the basic defect and the pathobiology of CF have led to new treatments, some of which have undoubtedly contributed to this success. Improved understanding of(More)
For a cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) channel to enter its open state, serine residues in the R domain must be phosphorylated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase, and intracellular ATP must bind to the nucleotide-binding folds and subsequently be hydrolyzed. CFTR with its R domain partially removed, DeltaR(708-835)-CFTR, forms a(More)
Compacted DNA nanoparticles deliver transgenes efficiently to the lung following intrapulmonary dosing. Here we show that nucleolin, a protein known to shuttle between the nucleus, cytoplasm, and cell surface, is a receptor for DNA nanoparticles at the cell surface. By using surface plasmon resonance (SPR), we demonstrate that nucleolin binds to DNA(More)
Patients with cystic fibrosis have a lesion in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene (CFTR), which is associated with abnormal regulation of other ion channels, abnormal glycosylation of secreted and cell surface molecules, and vulnerability to bacterial infection and inflammation in the lung usually leading to the death of these(More)
Excessive inflammation in cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease is a contributor to progressive pulmonary decline. Effective and well-tolerated anti-inflammatory therapy may preserve lung function, thereby improving quality and length of life. In this paper, we assess the anti-inflammatory effects of the synthetic triterpenoid(More)