Pamela A Saunders

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Prevalence rates for psychiatric disorders in the elderly are presented from the initial cross-sectional stage of a longitudinal community study of the incidence of dementia in the city of Liverpool. Together with five other centres in the UK the MRC-ALPHA project forms part of the MRC multicentre incidence study of dementia and cognitive decline. An age-(More)
A group of 1070 community-living persons aged 65 and over was assessed using the GMS-AGECAT package and other interviews at years 0 and 3. Year 3 interviewers were 'blind' to the findings at year 0, and the prevalence of organic disorders and depression was very similar in both years. According to the results at year 3, minimum and maximum prevalence(More)
A model for the development of pentobarbital tolerance and dependence was characterized and correlated with changes in radioligand binding to the GABAA-benzodiazepine receptor chloride channel complex. While one day of pentobarbital exposure decreased the duration of loss of righting reflex, tolerance to the hypothermic effects of thiopental and barbital(More)
A random community sample of subjects aged 65 and over was re-interviewed after three years by psychiatrists using the GMS and HAS. The relationship between drinking history and current psychiatric morbidity was examined. Men with a history of heavy drinking for five years or more at some time in their lives were found to have a greater than fivefold risk(More)
Georgetown University School of Medicine offers an elective Mind-Body Medicine Skills (MBMS) course to medical students to promote self-care and self-awareness. Participating medical students reported better management of academic stress and well-being than non-participants. In this study, we sought to assess the stress-reducing effects of MBMS by measuring(More)
A new model of barbiturate tolerance and dependence was developed using i.c.v. infusion of pentobarbital. Male Harlan Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 250 to 300 were implanted with i.c.v. cannulae and infused with sodium pentobarbital (500 micrograms/10 microliters/hour) for 6 days. The pentobarbital-infused group had a shorter duration of(More)
In 1982-1983 a random sample of 1486 people aged 65 years and above was generated from general practitioner lists; 1070 were interviewed in the community using the Geriatric Mental State and a Social History questionnaire. The cohort was followed up by interview 3 years later. At year 3 the diagnostic computer program AGECAT diagnosed 44 incident cases of(More)
1. Total saponin fraction decreased the affinity of specific [3H]muscimol binding without changes in Bmax. Ginsenoside Rb1 Rb2, Rc, Re, Rf and Rg1 inhibited the specific [3H]muscimol binding to the high-affinity site. 2. Total saponin fraction increased the affinity of specific [3H]flunitrazepam binding. Ginsenoside Re and Rf enhanced specific(More)
The effects of acute and continuous pentobarbital administration by pellet implantation on binding characteristics of t-[35S]butylbicyclophosphorothionate ([35S]TBPS) in discrete regions of rat brains were examined. Acute administration of pentobarbital (60 mg/kg, s.c.) affected neither the KD nor the Bmax values of [35S]TBPS binding in any of the regions(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Trauma exposure predicts mental disorders, medical morbidity, and health care costs. Yet trauma-related impacts have not received sufficient attention in primary care provider (PCP) training programs. This study adapted a theory-based approach to working with trauma survivors, Risking Connection, into a 6-hour CME course,(More)