Pamela A. Moise

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BACKGROUND We sought to determine whether prior vancomycin use (within 30 days) in patients who develop methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteraemia is associated with isolates of reduced vancomycin susceptibility and killing in vitro. METHODS Thirty-eight MRSA from previously vancomycin-treated patients and 43 MRSA from vancomycin-naive(More)
We examined the relationship between the time to clearance of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia while patients were receiving vancomycin therapy and the in vitro bactericidal activity of vancomycin. Vancomycin killing assays were performed with 34 MRSA bloodstream isolates (17 accessory gene regulator group II [agr-II] and 17(More)
The decrease in vancomycin treatment efficacy that is accompanying increases in vancomycin minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) within the susceptible range (so-called MIC creep) has led to the suggestion that vancomycin is losing its potency in treating serious Staphylococcus aureus infections. Understanding the clinical importance of the microbiological(More)
Treatment factors predictive of clinical and microbiological outcomes and the relationship between a pneumonia scoring system and clinical outcomes in vancomycin-treated patients with a Staphylococcus aureus-associated lower-respiratory-tract infection (LRTI) were studied. A computer database review identified patients for whom S. aureus was isolated from a(More)
BACKGROUND Daptomycin is approved for the treatment of skin and skin-structure infections (4 mg/kg) and Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia, including right-sided endocarditis (6 mg/kg). In vitro and animal studies have reported increased activity with increased daptomycin doses. There are limited clinical data on use of daptomycin at doses greater than 6(More)
We studied an ampicillin- and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE) isolate from a patient with endocarditis and bacteremia refractory to treatment with daptomycin (6 mg/kg of body weight) plus linezolid. Blood cultures cleared within 24 h of changing therapy to daptomycin (12 mg/kg) plus ampicillin. We examined the effects of ampicillin on(More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesized that, for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), in vitro daptomycin susceptibility could be influenced by exposures to endogenous host defense peptides (HDPs) prior to clinical exposure to daptomycin. METHODS Two endovascular HDPs were used: thrombin-induced platelet microbicidal protein (tPMP) and human neutrophil(More)
BACKGROUND At a time when the molecular epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was changing, we sought to characterize several genotypic markers and glycopeptide susceptibility features of clinical isolates from patients with bacteraemia. METHODS One hundred and sixty-eight MRSA bloodstream isolates obtained from three(More)
Moxifloxacin is a recently developed fluoroquinolone antibiotic. It is rapidly absorbed following oral administration, reaching a mean peak drug plasma concentration (C(max)) of approximately 3.56 mg/l within 2 h after a 400 mg dose. The rate and extent of absorption are not significantly affected by food or elevated gastric pH. Moxifloxacin binds weakly to(More)
In a recent landmark trial of bacteremia caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates, vancomycin MICs were >or=1 microg/ml for only 16% of the isolates, and accessory gene regulator (agr) function as measured by delta-hemolysin activity was absent or reduced in only 28.1% of the isolates. This clinical study did not capture a(More)