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The mouse hippocampal cell line HT22 is an excellent model for studying the consequences of endogenous oxidative stress. Addition of extracellular glutamate depletes the cells of glutathione (GSH) by blocking the glutamate−cystine antiporter system xc−. GSH is the main antioxidant in neurons and its depletion induces a well-defined program of cell death(More)
Selecting neuronal cell lines for resistance against oxidative stress might recapitulate some adaptive processes in neurodegenerative diseases where oxidative stress is involved like Parkinson's disease. We recently reported that in hippocampal HT22 cells selected for resistance against oxidative glutamate toxicity, the cystine/glutamate antiporter system(More)
The binding sites for the lectins wheat germ agglutinin, Ricinus communis agglutinin and concanavalin A on mouse neuroblastoma cell membranes were identified using SDS-gel electrophoresis in combination with fluorescent lectins. Ricinus communis agglutinin and wheat germ agglutinin were found to bind almost exclusively to a single polypeptide with an(More)
Concanavalin A (Con A), wheat germ agglutinin (WGA), and Ricinus communis agglutinin (RCA) bound with either 125I, fluorescent dyes, or fluorescent polymeric microspheres were used to quantitate and visualize the distribution of lectin binding sites on mouse neuroblastoma cells. As viewed by fluorescent light and scanning electron microscopy, over 10(7)(More)
The beta amyloid (Aβ) and other aggregating proteins in the brain increase with age and are frequently found within neurons. The mechanistic relationship between intracellular amyloid, aging and neurodegeneration is not, however, well understood. We use a proteotoxicity model based upon the inducible expression of Aβ in a human central nervous system nerve(More)
The K inhibition of ouabain-sensitive ATPase activity of LK goat red cell membranes is greatly reduced at high pH. This effect is reversible, and specific, since the apparent affinities for ATP, ouabain or external K do not alter. Anti-L-treated membranes show a similar alkali-induced affinity change, but have a lower pH optimum.
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