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Sera from dogs naturally infected with Leishmania infantum were analysed for the IgG subclass specificity of their antibody response by ELISA. Dogs infected with L. infantum produced both IgG1 and IgG2 antibodies with IgG2 being associated with asymptomatic infections and IgG1 being associated with disease (symptomatic dogs, non- or low-responsive to(More)
Canine leishmaniasis usually is treated with antimony compounds, but frequent relapses, adverse effects, high costs, and development of resistance to long-term antimonial therapy emphasize the importance of searching for alternative antileishmanial drugs. Allopurinol was used at a dosage of 10 mg/kg/day PO to treat 10 dogs naturally infected with Leishmania(More)
Crenosoma (C.) vulpis infection was diagnosed in 10 dogs aged between 0.5 and 12 years (median 4 years) during a 4-year period. The predominant clinical sign in all dogs was coughing which lasted from 1 day to > 4 months. Hematological abnormalities included eosinophilia in 5/9 dogs, basophilia in 3/9 dogs, and mild monocytosis in 6/9 dogs. Thoracic(More)
Polycythaemia vera was diagnosed in a three-year-old domestic shorthaired cat referred because of seizures and a high packed cell volume (PCV). Laboratory examination revealed severe erythrocytosis (PCV 79 per cent). Diagnosis was reached by excluding causes for relative and secondary absolute polycythaemia. As phlebotomy proved impossible for initial(More)
Two cats with large pituitary neoplasms (adenoma and adenocarcinoma) were treated with fractionated radiation therapy. Total doses of 40 Gy, respectively 36 Gy, were applied in 10 fractions of 4 Gy, and 3.6 Gy respectively. Side effects were minimal and transient. Anesthesia was well tolerated. Improvement of clinical signs could be observed during(More)
A new, non-MHC linked alloantigenic membrane antigen on the equine lymphocytes is described. This antigen was characterized with alloantisera in the two-stage microcytotoxicity test and designated as ELy-1 antigen. The frequency of ELy-1 antigen positive animals in various populations is close to 50%. ELy-1 shows an autosomal, dominant inheritance. Since an(More)
Persistent neutropenia (0-0.6 X 10(9) neutrophils/l) was documented during a 10-month period in a 4-year-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat that was presented for anorexia and depression. Salient abnormalities detected on physical examination were fever (40.3 degrees C), dehydration, and gingivitis. The cat was neutropenic (0.5 X 10(9) neutrophils/l)(More)