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Food-fermenting lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are generally considered to be non-toxic and non-pathogenic. Some species of LAB, however, can produce biogenic amines (BAs). BAs are organic, basic, nitrogenous compounds, mainly formed through decarboxylation of amino acids. BAs are present in a wide range of foods, including dairy products, and can occasionally(More)
The streptococcal plasmid pMV158 and its derivative pLS1 are able to replicate and confer tetracycline resistance in both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Copy numbers of pLS1 were 24, 4 and 4 molecules per genome in Streptococcus pneumoniae, Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli, respectively. Replication of the streptococcal plasmids in E. coli(More)
The gfp gene from Aequorea victoria, encoding the green fluorescent protein (GFP) has been expressed in Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis biovar cremoris MG1363, upon construction and introduction of plasmid pLS1GFP into this host. GFP was monitored in living cells during growth to evaluate its use in molecular and physiological studies. Quantification of(More)
A protein encoded by sulD, one of four genes in a previously cloned folate biosynthetic operon of Streptococcus pneumoniae, had been shown to harbor 6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropterin pyrophosphokinase activity. This SulD protein was purified and shown now to harbor also dihydroneopterin aldolase activity. The bifunctional protein therefore catalyzes two(More)
Probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics are frequently-used components for the elaboration of functional food. Currently, most of the commercialized probiotics are limited to a few strains of the genera Bifidobacteria, Lactobacillus and Streptococcus, most of which produce exopolysaccharides (EPS). This suggests that the beneficial properties of these(More)
In rural Mexico and in many developing countries micronutrient deficiencies, growth stunting, and morbidity from infectious diseases are highly prevalent in young children. We assessed the extent to which growth stunting could be reversed and the number of infectious disease episodes reduced by zinc and/or iron supplementation. In a double-blind, randomized(More)
BACKGROUND Choroidal neovascular membranes (CNVMs) in age-related macular degeneration show progressive histologic changes from active, cellular, highly vascularized membranes to inactive paucicellular scars. The purpose of this study was to determine whether apoptosis was involved in the evolution of these changes, what cell types are involved, and whether(More)
The immunohistochemical and histochemical properties of 16 surgically excised subretinal neovascular membranes from 16 patients with age-related macular degeneration were studied. Primary antisera to c-retinaldehyde-binding protein; leukocyte common antigen; factor VIII-related antigen; S-100 protein; glial fibrillary acid protein; muscle-specific actin;(More)
BACKGROUND We sought to determine whether tobacco smoking is associated with bipolar disorder. METHOD This case-control study carried out in Alava, in the north of Spain, included patients with a DSM-III-R diagnosis of bipolar disorder type I (N = 51) and a representative sample of the normal population (N = 517). Smoking history of bipolar patients was(More)
The histopathologic features of ten consecutive surgically excised subfoveal neovascular membranes from patients with age-related macular degeneration were examined. Ultrastructural features included the following in decreasing order of frequency: endothelium-lined vascular channels, new collagen, fibrocytes, retinal pigment epithelium, erythrocytes, and(More)