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The N-terminal portion of apolipoprotein A-I corresponding to the first 93 residues has been identified as the main component of apolipoprotein A-I fibrils in a form of systemic amyloidosis. We have been able to characterize the process of conformational switching and fibrillogenesis in this fragment of apolipoprotein A-I purified directly from ex vivo(More)
Accumulation of amyloid fibrils in the viscera and connective tissues causes systemic amyloidosis, which is responsible for about one in a thousand deaths in developed countries. Localized amyloid can also have serious consequences; for example, cerebral amyloid angiopathy is an important cause of haemorrhagic stroke. The clinical presentations of(More)
The solution structure of human beta2-microglobulin (beta2-m), the nonpolymorphic component of class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC-I), was determined by (1)H NMR spectroscopy and restrained modeling calculations. Compared to previous structural data obtained from the NMR secondary structure of the isolated protein and the crystal structure of(More)
AL amyloidosis is caused by deposition in target tissue of amyloid fibrils constituted by monoclonal immunoglobulin light chains. The amyloidogenic plasma cells derive from a transformed memory B cell that can be identified by anti-idiotype monoclonal antibodies. Comparison of the primary structures of amyloidogenic and nonamyloidogenic light chains does(More)
The solution structure and stability of N-terminally truncated beta2-microglobulin (deltaN6beta2-m), the major modification in ex vivo fibrils, have been investigated by a variety of biophysical techniques. The results show that deltaN6beta2-m has a free energy of stabilization that is reduced by 2.5 kcal/mol compared to the intact protein. Hydrogen(More)
We identified a novel missense mutation in the apolipoprotein A-I gene, T2069C Leu(174) --> Ser, in a patient affected by familial systemic nonneuropathic amyloidosis. The amyloid deposits mostly affected the heart of the proband, who underwent transplantation for end-stage congestive heart failure. Amyloid fibrils of myocardial and periumbilical fat(More)
AL amyloidosis is characterized by fibrillar tissue deposits (amyloid) composed of monoclonal light chains secreted by small numbers of indolent bone marrow plasma cells whose ontogenesis is unknown. To address this issue and to provide insights into the processes that accompanied pathogenic light chain formation, we isolated the complete variable (V)(More)
The solution structure of human beta(2)-microglobulin (beta(2)-m) was determined by (1)H NMR spectroscopy and restrained modeling calculations. Compared to the crystal structure of type I major histocompatibility complex (MHC-I), where the protein is associated to the heavy-chain component, several differences are observed, i.e., increased separation(More)
Apolipoprotein C-III deficiency provides cardiovascular protection, but apolipoprotein C-III is not known to be associated with human amyloidosis. Here we report a form of amyloidosis characterized by renal insufficiency caused by a new apolipoprotein C-III variant, D25V. Despite their uremic state, the D25V-carriers exhibit low triglyceride (TG) and(More)
beta 2-Microglobulin is a small, major histocompatibility complex class I-associated protein that undergoes aggregation and accumulates as amyloid deposits in human tissues as a consequence of long-term haemodialysis. The folding process of this amyloidogenic protein has been studied in vitro by diluting the guanidine hydrochloride-denatured protein in(More)