Palle G Laustsen

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Insulin-regulated aminopeptidase (IRAP) is a type II integral membrane protein belonging to the gluzincin family of metallopeptidases identified by the characteristic Zn(2+)-coordination sequence element, HEXXH-(18-64X)-E. A second conserved sequence element, the GXMEN motif, positioned 22-32 amino acids N-terminal to the Zn(2+)-coordination sequence(More)
Diabetes mellitus is a complex metabolic disorder accompanied by alterations in cellular physiology, metabolism, and gene expression. These alterations can be primary (due to loss of direct insulin action) or secondary (due to the metabolic perturbations associated with the disease). To dissect and quantitate these two separate effects, we compared the(More)
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in people with type 2 diabetes and is linked to insulin resistance even in the absence of diabetes. Here we show that mice with combined deficiency of the insulin receptor and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) receptor in cardiac and skeletal muscle develop early-onset dilated cardiomyopathy and die(More)
The human oxytocinase/insulin-regulated aminopeptidase (OTase/IRAP) is a 1024 amino acid type II integral membrane protein that is expressed mainly in fat, muscle and placenta tissues. It has been thought to be involved mainly in the control of onset of labour but recently rat OTase/IRAP was shown to participate in the regulation of glucose transporter(More)
Mice with a fat-specific insulin receptor knock-out (FIRKO) exhibit a polarization of white adipose tissue into two populations of cells, one small (diameter <50 microm) and one large (diameter >100 microm), accompanied by changes in insulin-stimulated glucose uptake, triglyceride synthesis, and lipolysis. To characterize these subclasses of adipocytes, we(More)
Based on the phenotypes of knockout mice and cell lines, as well as pathway-specific analysis, the insulin receptor substrates IRS-1, IRS-2, IRS-3, and IRS-4 have been shown to play unique roles in insulin signal transduction. To investigate possible functional complementarity within the IRS family, we generated mice with double knockout of the genes for(More)
The complete amino acid sequence of human placental oxytocinase (placental leucine aminopeptidase) has been determined by cDNA cloning and sequencing. Oxytocinase is a type II integral membrane protein of 1025 amino acid residues, consisting of an acidic intracellular region of 110 amino acids followed by a hydrophobic transmembrane segment of 22 residues(More)
There is evidence that the atypical protein kinases C (PKC(lambda), PKC(zeta)) participate in signaling from the insulin receptor to cause the translocation of glucose transporters from an intracellular location to the plasma membrane in adipocytes. In order to search for downstream effectors of these PKCs, we identified the proteins that were(More)
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