Palaniswamy Shanmuga Sundaram

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Anti N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis (ANMDARE), also known as limbic encephalitis (LE), is a treatable rare disorder characterized by personality changes, irritability, depression, seizures, memory loss and sometimes dementia. It is classified under paraneoplastic syndrome (PNS) and produces antibodies against NR1 and NR2 subunits of glutamate(More)
Lung cancer has graduated from merely a reportable disease of 1912 to being the most common cause of cancer death in developed countries in recent years. The annual number of lung cancer deaths is greater than the combined cancer deaths from breast, colon and prostate. Its association with tobacco has been proved and is related to the type, amount of(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Radioiodine ( 131 I) or radioactive iodine in low doses is used worldwide as the first line of management in the treatment of hyperthyroidism. Information is available on the extent and severity of cell damage after a high dose radioiodine ( 131 I) therapy for thyroid cancer, but information is scanty on its cellular effects, its(More)
VACTERL is a cluster of congenital malformations based on the non-random association of various congenital malformations in a single patient. Here "V" denotes vertebral defects or vascular anomalies (single umbilical artery), "A" anal atresia, "C" cardiac abnormalities, "TE" tracheoesophageal fistula, "R"renal (kidney) abnormalities and "L" for limb(More)
Lymphedema is a chronic condition caused by ineffective lymphatic transport that results in edema and skin damage. Distinguishing lymphedema from other causes can be difficult. Lymphoscintigraphy is a simple and noninvasive functional test for the evaluation of the lymphatic system. (99m)Technetium-labeled sulfur colloid is injected intradermally at the(More)
We report a known case of adenoid cystic carcinoma of right parotid gland in a 36-year-old Indian male, diagnosed 5 years ago for which he underwent surgery followed by radiotherapy. Now the patient has presented to the surgical oncologist with a mass near angle of right jaw. Computed tomography (CT) performed elsewhere was reported negative for local(More)
PURPOSE Tropical pancreatitis (TP) is a juvenile, non-alcoholic type of chronic pancreatitis and is highly prevalent in Kerala, India. Increasing prevalence of TP and its varied manifestations prompted us to undertake this retrospective analysis. We attempted to study the incidence of TP in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and correlate with(More)
OBJECTIVE In the surgery of breast cancer, axillary reverse mapping (ARM) is the identification and preservation of arm draining lymph node (ARM node) during an axillary dissection. The assumption is that the ARM node is different from node draining breast and is unlikely to be involved even in the patients with axillary nodal metastases. If we can identify(More)