Palaniappan Kulanthaivel

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Capsaicin is a common dietary constituent and a popular homeopathic treatment for chronic pain. Exposure to capsaicin has been shown to cause various dose-dependent acute physiological responses including the sensation of burning and pain, respiratory depression, and death. In this study, the P450-dependent metabolism of capsaicin by recombinant P450(More)
LY2090314 (3-[9-fluoro-2-(piperidin-1-ylcarbonyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro[1,4]diazepino[6,7,1-hi]indol-7-yl]-4-imidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-3-yl-1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione) is an intravenous glycogen synthase kinase-3 inhibitor in oncology trials. Drug disposition was characterized after intravenous infusion of [(14)C]LY2090314 to rats and dogs, and was related to available(More)
UNLABELLED We evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetic profile, pharmacodynamic effects, and antitumor activity of abemaciclib, an orally bioavailable inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK) 4 and 6, in a multicenter study including phase I dose escalation followed by tumor-specific cohorts for breast cancer, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC),(More)
Phase I oxidative metabolism of nitrogen-containing drug molecules to their corresponding N-oxides is a common occurrence. There are instances where liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectometry techniques are inadequate to distinguish this pathway from other oxidation processes, including C-hydroxylations and other heteroatom oxidations, such as sulfur to(More)
Herein we demonstrate that a small panel of variants of cytochrome P450 BM3 from Bacillus megaterium covers the breadth of reactivity of human P450s by producing 12 of 13 mammalian metabolites for two marketed drugs, verapamil and astemizole, and one research compound. The most active enzymes support preparation of individual metabolites for preclinical(More)
The Pkc1-mediated cell wall integrity-signaling pathway is highly conserved in fungi and is essential for fungal growth. We thus explored the potential of targeting the Pkc1 protein kinase for developing broad-spectrum fungicidal antifungal drugs through a Candida albicans Pkc1-based high-throughput screening. We discovered that cercosporamide, a(More)
Effective treatments for primary brain tumors and brain metastases represent a major unmet medical need. Targeting the CDK4/CDK6-cyclin D1-Rb-p16/ink4a pathway using a potent CDK4 and CDK6 kinase inhibitor has potential for treating primary central nervous system tumors such as glioblastoma and some peripheral tumors with high incidence of brain metastases.(More)
The oligomeric stilbenes (+)-alpha-viniferin (1), miyabenol C (2), and kobophenol A (3) have been isolated from Caragana sinica (Buchoz) Rehd (Leguminosae). (+)-alpha-Viniferin (1) and miyabenol C (2) exhibited protein kinase C inhibitory activity at low micromolar concentrations. (+)-alpha-Viniferin inhibited keratinocyte proliferation (0.4 microM) and(More)
PURPOSE p38 MAPK regulates the production of cytokines in the tumor microenvironment and enables cancer cells to survive despite oncogenic stress, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapies. Ralimetinib (LY2228820 dimesylate) is a selective small-molecule inhibitor of p38 MAPK. This phase I study aimed to evaluate the safety and tolerability of(More)
Natural products have been identified as ligands for a number of members of the nuclear hormone receptor (NHR) superfamily. Often these natural products are used as dietary supplements to treat myriad ailments ranging from perimenopausal hot flashes to hypercholesterolemia and reduced cognitive function. Examples of some natural product ligands for NHRs(More)