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We performed an abbreviated prospective study of rabies pre-exposure (PREP) vaccination in 109 volunteers. Group 1, the control group, received the conventional 3 intradermal injections on days 0, 7 and 21. Group 2 received one rabies vaccine injection (0.1 ml intradermally) at 2 sites on a single day. Group 3 was given one full ampule intramuscularly. One(More)
Previous studies in Thailand and Tunisia have shown that one injection of dog pre-exposure rabies vaccine does not produce a lasting antibody titre in a significant group of animals. We therefore duplicated the Thai study in a small North American community using healthy, owned dogs. A tissue culture vaccine of known high antigenicity was given(More)
BACKGROUND Patients exposed to a rabid animal often travel long distances to receive postexposure prophylaxis (PEP), which requires 4 or 5 visits. Reducing the number of clinic visits would not only reduce costs for the patient but may also help increase compliance to receive complete PEP. We made an effort to develop PEP completed in 1 week. METHODS We(More)
Rabies remains a worldwide public health problem even though means to control this disease are known. Logistic problems and cultural barriers for effective dog control in many countries and the high cost of human postexposure treatment, account for much of the remaining worldwide human toll. Efforts to make vaccines, with effective and safe tissue or avian(More)
The genetic diversity of the rabies virus glycoprotein (G) gene isolated from individual rabid dogs (inter-hosts) and within a single infected dog (intra-host) has been analyzed in an effort to better understand selective pressures and population shifts among rabies viruses circulating in Bangkok. Comparison of individual master sequences among inter-hosts(More)
QS-BHK-P7, street rabies virus, after passages in the BHK cell line, had an in vitro phenotype that distinguished it from its parental virus. Both viruses caused lethal infection in mice by central nervous system inoculation; however, only QS-BHK-P7 killed mice by the intramuscular route. We found four mutations, S23R and H424P in ectodomain of the(More)
The RNA interference (RNAi) technology has been recognized as a promising antiviral therapy for a few years. One of the potential limitations for applying this technology against wild type rabies virus is its high rate of genetic variation. Recently, an RNAi vector system that incorporated modified dsRNA within microRNA structure [or artificial(More)
The last remaining international manufacturer of equine rabies immunoglobulin (ERIG) discontinued production in 2001. However, ERIG remains an essential biological that has no substitute other than human rabies immunoglobulin (HRIG), which is in short supply and virtually unaffordable in developing countries. Physicians in regions where canine rabies is(More)
The current World Health Organization recommendation for booster vaccination of previously immunized individuals with potential exposure to rabies is two doses of vaccine intramuscularly or intradermally on days 0 and 3. We report responses to two types of postexposure treatment of healthy individuals who had received preexposure rabies vaccination 1 year(More)