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The morphological relaxation of faceted crystal surfaces is studied via a continuum approach. Our formulation includes (i) an evolution equation for the surface slope that describes step line tension, g1, and step repulsion energy, g3; and (ii) a condition at the facet edge (a free boundary) that accounts for discrete effects via the collapse times, t(n),(More)
We unify step bunching ͑SB͒ instabilities occurring under various conditions on crystal surfaces below roughening. We show that when attachment-detachment of atoms at step edges is the rate-limiting process, the SB of interacting, concentric circular steps is equivalent to the commonly observed SB of interacting straight steps under deposition, desorption,(More)
The surface of a nanostructure relaxing on a substrate consists of a finite number of interacting steps and often involves the expansion of facets. Prior theoretical studies of facet evolution have focused on models with an infinite number of steps, which neglect edge effects caused by the presence of the substrate. By considering diffusion of adsorbed(More)
Damaged or mismatched bases in DNA can be repaired by base excision repair enzymes (BER) that replace the defective base. Although the detailed molecular structures of many BER enzymes are known, how they colocalize to lesions remains unclear. One hypothesis involves charge transport (CT) along DNA [Yavin et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102, 3546(More)
  • Pak-Wing Fok
  • 2012
Plaques are fatty deposits that grow mainly in arteries and develop as a result of a chronic inflammatory response. Plaques are characterized as 'vulnerable' when they have large internal regions of necrosis and are heavily infiltrated by macrophages. The particular composition of a vulnerable plaque renders it susceptible to rupture, which releases(More)
Atherosclerotic plaque can cause severe stenosis in the artery lumen. Blood flow through a substantially narrowed artery may have different flow characteristics and produce different forces acting on the plaque surface and artery wall. The disturbed flow and force fields in the lumen may have serious implications on vascular endothelial cells, smooth muscle(More)
We investigate the dynamics of a one-dimensional asymmetric exclusion process with Langmuir kinetics and a fluctuating wall. At the left-hand boundary, particles are injected onto the lattice; from there, the particles hop to the right. Along the lattice, particles can adsorb or desorb, and the right-hand boundary is defined by a wall particle. The(More)
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease of the artery characterized by an expansion of the intimal region. Intimal thickening is usually attributed to the migration of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) from the surrounding media and proliferation of SMCs already present in the intima. Intimal expansion can give rise to dangerous events such as stenosis (leading(More)
for personal use only and shall not be self-archived in electronic repositories. If you wish to self-archive your article, please use the accepted manuscript version for posting on your own website. You may further deposit the accepted manuscript version in any repository, provided it is only made publicly available 12 months after official publication or(More)