Paige Newton-Vinson

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Monoamine oxidase B (MAO B) is a mitochondrial outermembrane flavoenzyme that is a well-known target for antidepressant and neuroprotective drugs. We determined the structure of the human enzyme to 3 A resolution. The enzyme binds to the membrane through a C-terminal transmembrane helix and apolar loops located at various positions in the sequence. The(More)
Although microdialysis is widely used to sample endogenous and exogenous substances in vivo, interpretation of the results obtained by this technique remains controversial. The goal of the present study was to examine recent criticism of microdialysis in the specific case of dopamine (DA) measurements in the brain extracellular microenvironment. The(More)
The high-level expression, purification, and characterization of recombinant membrane-bound human liver monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) in Pichia pastoris is described. Two liters of fermentation culture produces 1170 units (660 mg) of MAO-A. The enzyme is purified in a 35% yield, is homogeneous on denaturing gel electrophoresis, and exhibits a single species(More)
The high-level heterologous expression, purification, and characterization of the mitochondrial outer membrane enzyme human liver monoamine oxidase B (MAO B) using the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris expression system are described. A 2-L culture of P. pastoris expresses approximately 1700 U of MAO B activity, with the recombinant enzyme associated(More)
The family of flavoenzymes in which the flavin coenzyme redox cofactor is covalently attached to the protein through an amino acid side chain is covered in this review. Flavin-protein covalent linkages have been shown to exist through each of five known linkages: (a) 8alpha-N(3)-histidyl, (b) 8alpha-N(1)-histidyl, (c) 8alpha-S-cysteinyl, (d)(More)
Recent studies with rat tissue preparations have suggested that the anorectic drug phentermine inhibits serotonin degradation by inhibition of monoamine oxidase (MAO) A with a K(I) value of 85-88 microM, a potency suggested to be similar to that of other reversible MAO inhibitors (Ulus et al., Biochem Pharmacol 2000;59:1611-21). Since there are known(More)
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