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OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine in Thai adults aged >or=35 years the prevalence and management of diabetes and the associations of diabetes with cardiovascular risk factors. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The International Collaborative Study of Cardiovascular Disease in Asia was a complex sample survey. Data from a structured questionnaire,(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHpR) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) with cardiovascular risk factors and diabetes in Thai population. DESIGN A national cross-sectional survey of cardiovascular risk factors. SUBJECTS Five thousand and three hundred five Thai adults aged > or(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of psychoactive drug and alcohol use among general drivers and predictors of the drug use in Thailand. One thousand six hundred and thirty-five motor vehicle drivers were randomly selected from five geographical regions of Thailand between December 2005 and May 2006. The prevalence of psychoactive(More)
A substantial proportion (44%) of traffic injury cases seeking emergency services in public hospitals had a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.1 per cent or more. To reduce alcohol related traffic injuries and deaths, a law was enacted setting a criminal per se legal blood alcohol limit at 0.05 per cent in 1994. However, not until 1997, was an active(More)
Recent estimates indicate that two billion people are overweight or obese and hence are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease and its comorbidities. However, this may be an underestimate of the true extent of the problem, as the current method used to define overweight may lack sensitivity, particularly in some ethnic groups where there may be an(More)
OBJECTIVES The overall objective of the International Collaborative Study of Cardiovascular Disease in Asia (InterASIA) was to estimate the prevalence and distribution of cardiovascular disease risk factors, including hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, obesity, cigarette smoking, and physical inactivity, in the general population of both China(More)
We describe the prevalence of stage III and IV chronic kidney disease in Thailand from a representative sample of individuals aged 35 years and above using a stratified, multistage, cluster-sampling method. Population estimates were calculated by applying sampling weights from the 2000 Thai census. Glomerular filtration rates were estimated from serum(More)
Injuries and deaths from traffic crashes have become a major public health and socio-economic problem in Thailand. Injuries, fatalities and economic losses due to traffic crashes have increased with the rising level of motorization. This study analyzes hospital-based data compiled by the Ministry of Public Health, data compiled by the National Police Office(More)
To describe the prevalence of overweight and obesity and examine their relationship with socio-demographic factors in Thai adults. Using data from a cross-sectional survey, the National Health Examination Survey II (NHESII), the authors examined the prevalence of overweight (BMI > or = 25 kg/m2) and obesity (BMI > or = 30 kg/m2) in 3,220 Thai adults aged(More)
Dyslipidaemia is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is only detectable through blood testing, which may not be feasible in resource-poor settings. As dyslipidaemia is commonly associated with excess weight, it may be possible to identify individuals with adverse lipid profiles using simple anthropometric measures. A total of 222 975(More)