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OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHpR) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) with cardiovascular risk factors and diabetes in Thai population. DESIGN A national cross-sectional survey of cardiovascular risk factors. SUBJECTS Five thousand and three hundred five Thai adults aged > or(More)
Recent estimates indicate that two billion people are overweight or obese and hence are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease and its comorbidities. However, this may be an underestimate of the true extent of the problem, as the current method used to define overweight may lack sensitivity, particularly in some ethnic groups where there may be an(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of psychoactive drug and alcohol use among general drivers and predictors of the drug use in Thailand. One thousand six hundred and thirty-five motor vehicle drivers were randomly selected from five geographical regions of Thailand between December 2005 and May 2006. The prevalence of psychoactive(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine in Thai adults aged >or=35 years the prevalence and management of diabetes and the associations of diabetes with cardiovascular risk factors. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The International Collaborative Study of Cardiovascular Disease in Asia was a complex sample survey. Data from a structured questionnaire,(More)
The metabolic syndrome has been identified as an increasingly important precursor to cardiovascular diseases in many Asian populations. Our objective was to compare the contribution of component risk factors to the diagnosis of the metabolic syndrome, as defined by the Third report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel Adult Treatment(More)
We describe the prevalence of stage III and IV chronic kidney disease in Thailand from a representative sample of individuals aged 35 years and above using a stratified, multistage, cluster-sampling method. Population estimates were calculated by applying sampling weights from the 2000 Thai census. Glomerular filtration rates were estimated from serum(More)
E xcess weight, particularly central obesity, is recognized to be a major determinant of diabetes risk in all populations, with the magnitude of the association reported as being stronger in Asians than whites (1–3). Consequently, indicators of overweight have been incorporated into several guidelines for the early identification of individuals with type 2(More)
A substantial proportion (44%) of traffic injury cases seeking emergency services in public hospitals had a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.1 per cent or more. To reduce alcohol related traffic injuries and deaths, a law was enacted setting a criminal per se legal blood alcohol limit at 0.05 per cent in 1994. However, not until 1997, was an active(More)
OBJECTIVES The overall objective of the International Collaborative Study of Cardiovascular Disease in Asia (InterASIA) was to estimate the prevalence and distribution of cardiovascular disease risk factors, including hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, obesity, cigarette smoking, and physical inactivity, in the general population of both China(More)
OBJECTIVES Increased serum C-reactive protein (CRP) is associated with future risk of coronary heart disease in apparently healthy individuals. Numerous high-sensitivity CRP (hs-CRP) methods are available but their comparability in large populations has not been assessed. This study aimed to evaluate the performance of two CRP methods in a large Asian(More)