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OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine in Thai adults aged >or=35 years the prevalence and management of diabetes and the associations of diabetes with cardiovascular risk factors. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The International Collaborative Study of Cardiovascular Disease in Asia was a complex sample survey. Data from a structured questionnaire,(More)
E xcess weight, particularly central obesity, is recognized to be a major determinant of diabetes risk in all populations, with the magnitude of the association reported as being stronger in Asians than whites (1–3). Consequently, indicators of overweight have been incorporated into several guidelines for the early identification of individuals with type 2(More)
Management of human resources in health is a major challenge to health systems development in Thailand. This includes planning for, production, deployment and utilization of health personnel. Although a number of measures have been instituted to meet this challenge, considerable gaps still remain. Recently, hospital autonomy was introduced with a major(More)
BACKGROUND Emergency Medical Institute of Thailand (EMIT) has been established as a national lead agency to improve emergency medical service systems since December 2008. However up to now, there has not been any published systematic assessment of its performance to guide further policy decisions. METHODS This study assesses the 4-year pre-hospital care(More)
Healthcare infrastructures in Thailand have been developed for many decades to improve access to health care and equity of service utilisation across the country. Health care system is generally organised into three levels: primary care, secondary care and tertiary care. Primary care deals with curative care of common conditions , health promotion, disease(More)
BACKGROUND Although bodies of evidence on copayment effects on access to care and quality of care in general have not been conclusive, allowing copayment in the case of emergency medical conditions might pose a high risk of delayed treatment leading to avoidable disability or death. METHODS Using mixed-methods approach to draw evidence from multiple(More)
BACKGROUND Injury prediction scores facilitate the development of clinical management protocols to decrease mortality. However, most of the previously developed scores are limited in scope and are non-specific for use in children. We aimed to develop and validate a risk prediction model of death for injured and Traumatised Thai children. METHODS Our(More)
  • Bryan Joseph, Granados Sabroso, +17 authors Jong
  • 2009
ESCAP is the regional development arm of the United Nations and serves as the main economic and social development centre for the United Nations in Asia and the Pacific. Its mandate is to foster cooperation among its 53 members and 9 associate members. ESCAP provides the strategic link between global and country-level programmes and issues. It supports the(More)
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