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Several versions of broad host range (BHR), L-arabinose-inducible expression vectors were constructed. These expression vectors were based on a high copy number BHR pBBR1MCS-4 replicon that could replicate in both enteric and non-enteric Gram-negative bacteria. Two versions of expression cassettes containing multiple cloning sites either with or without a(More)
The ability of XANTHOMONAS: campestris pv. phaseoli to protect itself against lethal concentrations of man-made (N:-ethylmaleimide, NEM) and endogenously produced (methylglyoxal, MG) electrophiles was investigated. Pretreatment of X. c. pv. phaseoli with a low concentration of NEM induced protection against lethal concentrations of NEM and MG. MG(More)
Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli OhrR belongs to a major family of multiple-cysteine-containing bacterial organic hydroperoxide sensors and transcription repressors. Site-directed mutagenesis and subsequent in vivo functional analyses revealed that changing any cysteine residue to serine did not alter the ability of OhrR to bind to the P1 ohrR-ohr(More)
Lipid hydroperoxides are highly toxic to biological systems. Here, the Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli sensing and protective systems against linoleic hydroperoxide (LOOH) were investigated by examining the phenotypes, biochemical and regulatory characteristics of various Xanthomonas mutants in known peroxide resistance pathways. Analysis of LOOH(More)
The genes involved in organic hydroperoxide protection in Agrobacterium tumefaciens were functionally evaluated. Gene inactivation studies and functional analyses have identified ohr, encoding a thiol peroxidase, as the gene primarily responsible for organic hydroperoxide protection in A. tumefaciens. An ohr mutant was sensitive to organic hydroperoxide(More)
Alkyl hydroperoxide reductase subunit C (AhpC) is the catalytic subunit responsible for alkyl peroxide metabolism. A Xanthomonas ahpC mutant was constructed. The mutant had increased sensitivity to organic peroxide killing, but was unexpectedly hyperresistant to H(2)O(2) killing. Analysis of peroxide detoxification enzymes in this mutant revealed(More)
katA encodes the major catalase that accounts for 90 % of the total catalase activity present in Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli. katA is located upstream of an ORF designated ankA encoding a cytoplasmic membrane protein homologous to eukaryotic ankyrin. Transcriptional analysis of katA and ankA identified two katA transcripts: a major monocistronic(More)
A methionine sulfoxide reductase gene (msrA) from Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli has unique expression patterns and physiological function. msrA expression is growth dependent and is highly induced by exposure to oxidants and N-ethylmaleimide in an OxyR- and OhrR-independent manner. An msrA mutant showed increased sensitivity to oxidants but only(More)