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Several versions of broad host range (BHR), L-arabinose-inducible expression vectors were constructed. These expression vectors were based on a high copy number BHR pBBR1MCS-4 replicon that could replicate in both enteric and non-enteric Gram-negative bacteria. Two versions of expression cassettes containing multiple cloning sites either with or without a(More)
Burkholderia pseudomallei, an infectious Gram-negative bacterium, is the causative pathogen of melioidosis. In the present study, a B. pseudomallei strain with mutation in the bsaQ gene, encoding a structural component of the type III secretion system (T3SS), was constructed. This bsaQ mutation caused a marked decrease in secretion of BopE effector and BipD(More)
Analysis of the Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli (Xp) catalase profile using an activity gel revealed at least two distinct monofunctional catalase isozymes denoted Kat1 and Kat2. Kat1 was expressed throughout growth, whereas Kat2 was expressed only during the stationary phase of growth. The nucleotide sequence of a previously isolated monofunctional(More)
The ability of XANTHOMONAS: campestris pv. phaseoli to protect itself against lethal concentrations of man-made (N:-ethylmaleimide, NEM) and endogenously produced (methylglyoxal, MG) electrophiles was investigated. Pretreatment of X. c. pv. phaseoli with a low concentration of NEM induced protection against lethal concentrations of NEM and MG. MG(More)
Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli OhrR belongs to a major family of multiple-cysteine-containing bacterial organic hydroperoxide sensors and transcription repressors. Site-directed mutagenesis and subsequent in vivo functional analyses revealed that changing any cysteine residue to serine did not alter the ability of OhrR to bind to the P1 ohrR-ohr(More)
Xanthomonas campestris Ohr (a protein involved in organic peroxide protection) and Escherichia coli OsmC (an osmotically inducible protein of unknown function) are related proteins. Database searches and phylogenetic analyses reveal that Ohr and OsmC homologues cluster into two related subfamilies of proteins widely distributed in both Gram-negative and(More)
Lipid hydroperoxides are highly toxic to biological systems. Here, the Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli sensing and protective systems against linoleic hydroperoxide (LOOH) were investigated by examining the phenotypes, biochemical and regulatory characteristics of various Xanthomonas mutants in known peroxide resistance pathways. Analysis of LOOH(More)
Agrobacterium tumefaciens is an aerobic plant pathogenic bacterium that is exposed to reactive oxygen species produced either as by-products of aerobic metabolism or by the defense systems of host plants. The physiological function of the bifunctional catalase-peroxidase (KatA) in the protection of A. tumefaciens from reactive oxygen species other than(More)
Burkholderia pseudomallei, the causative agent of melioidosis, can be isolated from soil and water. To persist, adapt and survive within and outside their human host, bacteria rely on regulatory mechanisms that allow them to respond rapidly to stressful situations. We have examined the possible role of B. pseudomallei alternative sigma factor sigma(E)(More)
Alkyl hydroperoxide reductase (ahpC) and organic hydroperoxide resistance (ohr) are distinct genes, structurally and regulatory, but have similar physiological functions. In Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli inactivation of either gene results in increased sensitivity to killing with organic peroxides. An ahpC1-ohr double mutant was highly sensitive to(More)