Pai-Jong Stacy Tsai

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This study aimed to gain new insights into both systemic and placental leptin and its receptors, with reference to the maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI). Thus, 84 women (29 lean, 24 overweight, and 31 obese) were recruited and maternal, cord blood, and placental tissues collected prior to term labor. Plasma levels were measured by enzyme-linked(More)
OBJECTIVE To study postpartum follow-up rates, as well as counseling opportunities, among Queen Emma Clinic patients before and after the implementation of the Queen Emma Clinic Postpartum Follow-up Initiative. METHODS This was a retrospective chart review of 221 women who received prenatal care at the Queen Emma Clinic and gave birth between April 2006(More)
OBJECTIVE Anatomic differences among racial groups may contribute to observed differences in the occurrence of severe perineal lacerations at the time of vaginal delivery. The purpose of this study was to identify differences in perineal body length between racial groups. METHODS Perineal body length was measured in primigravid women aged 18 to 45 years(More)
Antiviral therapy in addition to immunoprophylaxis at birth has been shown to further reduce perinatal transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in highly viremic women. The aim of this study was to describe the use of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) prophylaxis to reduce maternal HBV DNA levels and potentially vertical transmission in highly viremic(More)
Elective delivery from 37 to 39 weeks gestation (early-term deliveries) is a Joint Commission National Quality Measure, and hospitals report on early-term elective delivery rates through Outcome Research Yields Excellence (ORYX) vendors. The objective of this study was to compare early-term elective deliveries, identified through ORYX vendors with those(More)
Severe perineal injury (third and fourth degree laceration) at the time of vaginal delivery increases the risk of fecal incontinence, chronic perineal pain, and dyspareunia.1-5 Studies suggest the prevalence of severe perineal injury may vary by racial group.6 The purpose of the current study was to examine rates of severe perineal injury in different Asian(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare cesarean complication rates between women with body mass index (BMI) 40-49.9 kg/m(2) and BMI ≥ 50 kg/m(2) and associations with surgical techniques. METHODS This retrospective cohort study from 2009 to 2014 included women who underwent cesarean with delivery BMI ≥ 50 and an equal number with BMI 40-49.9. Wound infections and/or(More)
Gestational diabetes (GDM) has been shown to have long-term sequelae for both the mother and infant. Women with GDM are at increased risk of macrosomia, which predisposes the infant to birth injuries. Previous studies noted increased rates of GDM in Asian and Pacific Islander (API) women; however, the rate of macrosomia in API women with GDM is unclear. The(More)
Visfatin is both a systemic adipocytokine and the cytosolic enzyme, nicotinamide phosphoribosyl transferase (Nampt). This is a longevity protein, which extends the lifespan of human cells by activating sirtuin 1 (SIRT1). In this study, we sought a role for these proteins in obese pregnant women, who experience more postterm deliveries. Thus, 78 women (26(More)