Pai-Hao Yang

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In this study, we established an embryo model to study the effects of ethanol on fetal development. When embryos of Xenopus laevis (the African clawed frog) were exposed to ethanol, the resultant tadpoles had significantly reduced brain sizes (microencephaly) and retarded growth rates. These effects, similar to those observed in human fetal alcohol syndrome(More)
Maternal alcohol abuse during pregnancy is one of the leading causes of birth defects in humans. Despite extensive studies, the molecular basis is still not clear. Here we transiently exposed Xenopus embryos to alcohol and showed that alcohol dose-dependently produced microcephaly and growth retardation. Moreover, it reduced the expression of several key(More)
PURPOSE To study the molecular mechanisms underlying alcohol-induced ocular anomalies in Xenopus embryos. METHODS Xenopus embryos were exposed to various concentrations (0.1%-0.5%) of alcohol, and the subsequent effects in eye development and in eye marker gene expression were determined. To investigate the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and(More)
We evaluated the antidiabetic effects of a mixed vegetable powder-formula I (MVP-FI), which is a dry powder mixture of over 65 kinds of vegetables and fruits, using the db/db type 2 diabetes mouse model. The db/db mice at 8-10 weeks of age were randomly divided into three groups: vehicle treatment, 1.575 g/kg MVP-FI treatment, and 3.15 g/kg MVP-FI(More)
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