Pai-An Hwang

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Activation of hypoxia-induced hypoxia-inducible factors-1 (HIF-1) plays a critical role in promoting tumor angiogenesis, growth and metastasis. Low molecular weight fucoidan (LMWF) is prepared from brown algae, and exhibits anticancer activity. However, whether LMWF attenuates hypoxia-induced angiogenesis in bladder cancer cells and the molecular mechanisms(More)
Fucoidan, a polysaccharide extracted from brown seaweeds, reduces tumor cell proliferation. In this study, we demonstrate that fucoidan reduces tumor size in LLC1-xenograft male C57BL/6 mice. Moreover, we found that LLC1-bearing mice continuously fed fucoidan showed greater antitumor activity than mice with discontinuous feeding. Fucoidan inhibited the in(More)
The goal of the study is to investigate the preventive effect of taurine against arsenite-induced arrest of neuronal differentiation in N2a cells. Our results revealed that taurine reinstated the neurite outgrowth in arsenite-treated N2a cells. Meanwhile, arsenite-induced oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction as well as degradation of mitochondria(More)
Tubulointerstitial fibrosis is recognized as a key determinant of progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD). Fucoidan, a sulphated polysaccharide extracted from brown seaweed, exerts beneficial effects in some nephropathy models. The present study evaluated the inhibitory effect of oligo-fucoidan (800 Da) on renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis. We established(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study is to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of low-molecular-weight fucoidan (LMF) and high-stability fucoxanthin (HS-Fucox) in a lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory Caco-2 cell line co-culture with B. lactis. METHODS We used various methods such as transepithelial resistance (TER) assay, cytokine secretion assay,(More)
For a long time, fucoidan has been well known for its pharmacological activities, and recently low molecular weight fucoidan (LMF) has been used in food supplements and pharmaceutical products. In the present study, LMF was extracted from Laminaria japonica by enzyme hydrolysis. The toxicity of LMF in mouse and rat models was determined by many methods,(More)
Fucoidans have been long used as a food supplement due to their diverse pharmacological effects on human health. Low molecular weight fucoidan (LF) is a common form of fucoidans that has been shown to have enhanced biological activity. In the present study, fucoidans were extracted from the brown alga Sargassum hemiphyllum and enzyme-hydrolyzed into low and(More)
Accumulating evidence has revealed that fucoidan exhibits anti-tumor activities by arresting cell cycle and inducing apoptosis in many types of cancer cells including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Exploring its effect on microRNA expression, we found that fucoidan markedly upregulated miR-29b of human HCC cells. The induction of miR-29b was accompanied(More)
Odorant-stimulated formation of cAMP in olfactory receptor neurons may mediate olfactory signal transduction. The response is short and desensitization occurs rapidly, possibly by induction of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) activity. Previously, we showed that two low Km PDEs regulate hydrolysis of cAMP in olfactory cilia. One PDE is(More)
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