Padmini Komalavilas

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Cyclic GMP (cGMP) mediates vascular smooth muscle relaxation in response to nitric oxide and atrial natriuretic peptides. One mechanism by which cGMP decreases vascular tone is by lowering cytosolic Ca2+ levels in smooth muscle cells. Although mechanisms by which cGMP regulates cytosolic Ca2+ are unclear, an important role for the cGMP-dependent dependent(More)
Initiation of force generation during vascular smooth muscle contraction involves a rise in intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)]i) and phosphorylation of myosin light chains (MLC). However, reversal of these two processes alone does not account for the force inhibition that occurs during relaxation or inhibition of contraction, implicating that other mechanisms,(More)
While the pathophysiology and clinical significance of arterial calcifications have been studied extensively, minimal focus has been placed on venous calcification deposition. In this study, we evaluated the association between calcium deposition in human saphenous vein (HSV), endothelial function, and patient demographic risk factors. Fifty-four HSV(More)
OBJECTIVE Papaverine is used to prevent vasospasm in human saphenous veins (HSV) during vein graft preparation prior to implantation as a bypass conduit. Papaverine is a nonspecific inhibitor of phosphodiesterases, leading to increases in both intracellular cGMP and cAMP. We hypothesized that papaverine reduces force by decreasing intracellular calcium(More)
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