Learn More
PURPOSE We examined the ability of a protein transduction domain (PTD), YARA, to penetrate in the skin and carry a conjugated peptide, P20. The results with YARA were compared to those of a well-known PTD (TAT) and a control, nontransducing peptide (YKAc). The combined action of PTDs and lipid penetration enhancers was also tested. METHODS YARA, TAT,(More)
BACKGROUND The small heat shock proteins HSP20, HSP25, alphaB-crystallin, and myotonic dystrophy kinase binding protein (MKBP) may regulate dynamic changes in the cytoskeleton. For example, the phosphorylation of HSP20 has been associated with relaxation of vascular smooth muscle. This study examined the function of HSP20 in heart muscle. METHODS AND(More)
BACKGROUND Human saphenous vein (HSV) is the autologous conduit of choice for peripheral vascular reconstructions. However, vasospasm can lead to early graft failure. The leading cause of delayed graft failure is intimal hyperplasia. OBJECTIVE To develop a proteomic approach to prevent vein-graft spasm and intimal hyperplasia. METHODS Biomimetic peptide(More)
Activation of the cAMP/cAMP-dependent PKA pathway leads to relaxation of airway smooth muscle (ASM). The purpose of this study was to examine the role of the small heat shock-related protein HSP20 in mediating PKA-dependent ASM relaxation. Human ASM cells were engineered to constitutively express a green fluorescent protein-PKA inhibitory fusion protein(More)
INTRODUCTION Human saphenous vein (HSV) is the most widely used bypass conduit for peripheral and coronary vascular reconstructions. However, outcomes are limited by a high rate of intimal hyperplasia (IH). HSV undergoes a series of ex vivo surgical manipulations prior to implantation, including hydrostatic distension, marking, and warm ischemia in(More)
Activation of cyclic nucleotide dependent signaling pathways leads to relaxation of smooth muscle, alterations in the cytoskeleton of cultured cells, and increases in the phosphorylation of HSP20. To determine the effects of phosphorylated HSP20 on the actin cytoskeleton, phosphopeptide analogs of HSP20 were synthesized. These peptides contained 1) the(More)
Protein transduction domains (PTDs) were recently demonstrated to increase the penetration of the model peptide P20 when the PTD and P20 were covalently attached. Here, we evaluated whether non-covalently linked PTDs were capable of increasing the skin penetration of P20. Two different PTDs were studied: YARA and WLR. Porcine ear skin mounted in a Franz(More)
Activation of cyclic nucleotide-dependent signaling pathways leads to phosphorylation of the small heat shock-related protein, HSP20, on serine 16, and relaxation of vascular smooth muscle. In this study, we used an enhanced protein transduction domain (PTD) sequence to deliver HSP20 phosphopeptide analogs into porcine coronary artery. The transduction of(More)
BACKGROUND The heat shock-related protein (HSP) 20 is associated with actin and modulates smooth-muscle relaxation. We hypothesized that HSP20 mediates vasorelaxation via dynamic interactions with cytoskeletal proteins, such as actin, or actin binding proteins, such as alpha-actinin. METHODS Physiological responses of strips of bovine carotid artery were(More)
Protein-based cellular therapeutics have been limited by getting molecules into cells and the fact that many proteins require post-translational modifications for activation. Protein transduction domains (PTDs), including that from the HIV TAT protein (TAT), are small arginine rich peptides that carry molecules across the cell membrane. We have shown that(More)