Learn More
PURPOSE We examined the ability of a protein transduction domain (PTD), YARA, to penetrate in the skin and carry a conjugated peptide, P20. The results with YARA were compared to those of a well-known PTD (TAT) and a control, nontransducing peptide (YKAc). The combined action of PTDs and lipid penetration enhancers was also tested. METHODS YARA, TAT,(More)
BACKGROUND The small heat shock proteins HSP20, HSP25, alphaB-crystallin, and myotonic dystrophy kinase binding protein (MKBP) may regulate dynamic changes in the cytoskeleton. For example, the phosphorylation of HSP20 has been associated with relaxation of vascular smooth muscle. This study examined the function of HSP20 in heart muscle. METHODS AND(More)
Vascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis and restenosis following angioplasty or transplantation, are due to abnormal vascular smooth muscle growth and gene expression. The smooth muscle cells (SMC) in response to injury lose their contractile function, become highly proliferative and synthesize and secrete extracellular matrix proteins. Similar changes(More)
Activation of cyclic nucleotide dependent signaling pathways leads to relaxation of smooth muscle, alterations in the cytoskeleton of cultured cells, and increases in the phosphorylation of HSP20. To determine the effects of phosphorylated HSP20 on the actin cytoskeleton, phosphopeptide analogs of HSP20 were synthesized. These peptides contained 1) the(More)
BACKGROUND Human saphenous vein (HSV) is the autologous conduit of choice for peripheral vascular reconstructions. However, vasospasm can lead to early graft failure. The leading cause of delayed graft failure is intimal hyperplasia. OBJECTIVE To develop a proteomic approach to prevent vein-graft spasm and intimal hyperplasia. METHODS Biomimetic peptide(More)
INTRODUCTION Human saphenous vein (HSV) is the most widely used bypass conduit for peripheral and coronary vascular reconstructions. However, outcomes are limited by a high rate of intimal hyperplasia (IH). HSV undergoes a series of ex vivo surgical manipulations prior to implantation, including hydrostatic distension, marking, and warm ischemia in(More)
Activation of cyclic nucleotide-dependent signaling pathways inhibits agonist-induced contraction of most vascular smooth muscles except human umbilical artery smooth muscle (HUASM). This impaired vasorelaxation may contribute to complications associated with preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction, and preterm delivery. Cyclic nucleotide-dependent(More)
Activation of the cAMP/cAMP-dependent PKA pathway leads to relaxation of airway smooth muscle (ASM). The purpose of this study was to examine the role of the small heat shock-related protein HSP20 in mediating PKA-dependent ASM relaxation. Human ASM cells were engineered to constitutively express a green fluorescent protein-PKA inhibitory fusion protein(More)
BACKGROUND The heat shock-related protein (HSP) 20 is associated with actin and modulates smooth-muscle relaxation. We hypothesized that HSP20 mediates vasorelaxation via dynamic interactions with cytoskeletal proteins, such as actin, or actin binding proteins, such as alpha-actinin. METHODS Physiological responses of strips of bovine carotid artery were(More)
Activation of cyclic nucleotide-dependent signaling pathways leads to phosphorylation of the small heat shock-related protein, HSP20, on serine 16, and relaxation of vascular smooth muscle. In this study, we used an enhanced protein transduction domain (PTD) sequence to deliver HSP20 phosphopeptide analogs into porcine coronary artery. The transduction of(More)