Padmini Jayaraman

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PURPOSE Aberrant expression of inflammatory molecules, such as inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase (iNOS), has been linked to cancer, suggesting that their inhibition is a rational therapeutic approach. Whereas iNOS expression in melanoma and other cancers is associated with poor clinical prognosis, in vitro and in vivo studies suggest that iNOS and NO can(More)
Inducible NO synthase (iNOS) is a hallmark of chronic inflammation that is also overexpressed in melanoma and other cancers. Whereas iNOS is a known effector of myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC)-mediated immunosuppression, its pivotal position at the interface of inflammation and cancer also makes it an attractive candidate regulator of MDSC(More)
Purpose: Expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in different cellular compartments may have divergent effects on immune function. We used a syngeneic tumor model to functionally characterize the role of iNOS in regulation of CD4þFOXP3þ regulatory T cells (Treg), and optimize the beneficial effects of iNOS inhibition on antitumor immunity.(More)
RORγt is necessary for the generation of TH17 cells but the molecular mechanisms for the regulation of TH17 cells are still not fully understood. We show that activation of CD4⁺ T cells results in the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). iNOS-deficient mice displayed enhanced T(H)17 cell differentiation but without major effects on either(More)
PURPOSE Expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in different cellular compartments may have divergent effects on immune function. We used a syngeneic tumor model to functionally characterize the role of iNOS in regulation of CD4(+)FOXP3(+) regulatory T cells (Treg), and optimize the beneficial effects of iNOS inhibition on antitumor immunity.(More)
We sought to define cellular immune mechanisms of synergy between tumor-antigen-targeted monoclonal antibodies and chemotherapy. Established B16 melanoma in mice was treated with cytotoxic doses of cyclophosphamide in combination with an antibody targeting tyrosinase-related protein 1 (αTRP1), a native melanoma differentiation antigen. We find that Fcγ(More)
Melanoma is one of the cancers of fastest-rising incidence in theworld. Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is overexpressed in melanoma and other cancers, and previous data suggest that iNOS and nitric oxide (NO) drive survival andproliferation of humanmelanoma cells. However, specificmechanisms throughwhich this occurs are poorly defined. One candidate(More)
Activated T cell death (ATCD) after peak clonal expansion is required for effective homeostasis of the immune system. Using a mouse model of T cell clonal expansion and contraction, we found that regulation of the proapoptotic kinase glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3beta plays a decisive role in determining the extent to which T cells are eliminated after(More)
Melanoma is one of the cancers of fastest-rising incidence in the world. Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is overexpressed in melanoma and other cancers, and previous data suggest that iNOS and nitric oxide (NO) drive survival and proliferation of human melanoma cells. However, specific mechanisms through which this occurs are poorly defined. One(More)