Padmanaban Kesavan

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The mouse bone marrow micronucleus test was carried out to evaluate the possible role of the dietary constituents chlorogenic acid (CGA), curcumin (CR) and beta-carotene (BC) in modulating the in vivo chromosomal damage induced by gamma-radiation. The results obtained suggest that oral administration of CGA (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg b.w.), CR (5, 10 and 20(More)
Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethyl xanthine), an ingredient of coffee, has been investigated for its potential antioxidant activity against oxidative damage to rat liver microsomes. Such damage was induced by three reactive oxygen species of cardinal importance in causing membrane damage in vivo namely hydroxyl radical (.OH), peroxyl radical (ROO.) and singlet(More)
Cytogenetic studies using cord blood samples from newborns from high-level natural radiation areas of the Kerala coast in Southwest India have been in progress since 1986. A total of 963,940 metaphases from 10,230 newborns have been screened for various types of chromosomal aberrations. Comparison of 8,493 newborns (804,212 cells) from high-level natural(More)
Human-induced changes in climate will have both common and differentiated impacts. It is now widely accepted that the average mean temperature will increase by 1 to 2°C during this century. Such an increase in temperature will reduce the duration of crops like wheat and thereby reduce yield in Northern India. In contrast, a rise in mean temperature will(More)
The effects of vitamins C and E on bone marrow chromosomes of the mouse exposed to 1 Gy of whole-body gamma-irradiation were studied. These vitamins, dissolved in water/peanut oil, were administered orally as acute doses, either 2 h before, immediately after, or 2 h after irradiation. Both vitamins significantly reduced the frequencies of micronuclei and(More)
Administration of caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine), a major component of coffee, to Swiss mice at doses of 80 or 100 mg/kg body weight 60 min prior to whole-body lethal dose of gamma-irradiation (7.5 Gy) resulted in the survival of 70 and 63% of animals, respectively, at the above doses in contrast to absolutely no survivors (LD-100/25 days) in the group(More)
PURPOSE Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethyl xanthine), a dietary component, has been shown to have widely varying effects on DNA damage induced by UV and ionizing radiation, depending upon pre- or post-irradiation administration and its concentration. Caffeine administered post-UV irradiation is known to inhibit enzymatic repair of DNA lesions, leading to(More)
Antigenotoxic effects and changes in glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity were assessed in mice after oral co-administration of urethane (URE) with aqueous extracts of dietary vegetables (carrot, spinach and cabbage), spices (cinnamon, pepper, cumin, clove and cardamom), tea and coffee. The results of the genotoxicity assay (micronucleus test)(More)
PURPOSE Following the demonstration that caffeine effectively competes with oxygen for electrons and also scavenges hydroxyl radicals and singlet oxygen, the differential modification of oxygen-dependent and independent effects of gamma-radiation by caffeine in membranes was examined, using rat liver mitochondria as a model system. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
The genotoxic effects of orally administered garlic and turmeric were evaluated in bone-marrow cells of mice by performing the micronucleus test. Another spice, asafoetida, was tested for the induction of sister-chromatid exchanges (SCEs) in spermatogonia of mice. Results of the micronucleus test with garlic and turmeric were not significantly different(More)