Padma Krishnan

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BACKGROUND Gram-negative Enterobacteriaceae with resistance to carbapenem conferred by New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase 1 (NDM-1) are potentially a major global health problem. We investigated the prevalence of NDM-1, in multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in India, Pakistan, and the UK. METHODS Enterobacteriaceae isolates were studied from two major(More)
The potential of monocytes/macrophages (MC/Mph) to contribute to neovascularization has recently become a topic of intense scrutiny. Here, we characterized the behavior of MC/Mph in cellular infiltrates, with emphasis on their spatial organization and localization in newly formed microvessels. To this end, we studied MC/Mph migration and assembly in basic(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to compare and assess the risk of periodontitis due to the presence of four putative periodontopathic bacteria (Porphyromonas gingivalis, Treponema denticola, Tannerella forsythia, and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans) in type 1 diabetic and healthy children. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifty type 1 diabetic and 50 healthy(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Chloramphenicol was considered the anti-microbial gold standard for typhoid treatment but, following the increasing worldwide frequency of antibiotic resistance, ciprofloxacin has been the mainstay of therapy since 1980. Recent studies have shown a shifting of susceptibility to conventional drugs like chloramphenicol, ampicillin(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES AmpC β-lactamases are clinically significant since these confer resistance to cephalosporins in the oxyimino group, 7-α methoxycephalosporins and are not affected by available β-lactamase inhibitors. In this study we looked for both extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) and AmpC β-lactamases in Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE The study was designed to find the distribution of SCCmec types and the various antibiotic resistance genes amongst MR-CoNS isolates from asymptomatic individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 145 nasal swabs were collected from asymptomatic healthy individuals from community settings. Identification and speciation of CoNS were done by(More)
Linear arrays of cells, or cell columns, have been observed in the extracellular matrix prior to neovascularization, but their nature and significance remains elusive. Based on the emerging evidence implicating a role for monocytes and macrophages (MC/MPH) in vasculogenesis, we hypothesized that MC/MPH also can form linear or branched columns, facilitating(More)
To determine the distribution and relationship of antimicrobial resistance determinants among extended-spectrum-cephalosporin (ESC)-resistant or carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli isolates from the aquatic environment in India, water samples were collected from rivers or sewage treatment plants in five Indian states. A total of 446 E. coli isolates were(More)