Padhraic Conneally

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Alcohol dependence is a leading cause of morbidity and premature death. Several lines of evidence suggest a substantial genetic component to the risk for alcoholism: sibs of alcoholic probands have a 3-8 fold increased risk of also developing alcoholism, and twin heritability estimates of 50-60% are reported by contemporary studies of twins. We report on(More)
Gene dosage of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon 4 allele is a major risk factor for familial Alzheimer disease (AD) of late onset (after age 60). Here we studied a large series of 115 AD case subjects and 243 controls as well as 150 affected and 197 unaffected members of 66 AD families. Our data demonstrate a protective effect of the epsilon 2 allele, in(More)
BACKGROUND There is substantial evidence for a significant genetic component to the risk for alcoholism. A previous study reported linkage to chromosomes 1, 2, and 7 in a large data set that consisted of 105 families, each with at least three alcoholic members. METHODS Additional genotyping in the 105 families has been completed in the chromosomal regions(More)
Human brain oscillations represent important features of information processing and are highly heritable. A common feature of beta oscillations (13-28 Hz) is the critical involvement of networks of inhibitory interneurons as pacemakers, gated by gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) action. Advances in molecular and statistical genetics permit(More)
Smoking is a highly heritable, addictive disorder that commonly co-occurs with alcohol dependence. The purpose of this study is to perform a genomic screen for habitual smoking and comorbid habitual smoking and alcohol dependence in families from the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA). Subjects were assessed using the Semi-Structured(More)
P0, a major structural protein of peripheral myelin, is a homophilic adhesion molecule and maps to chromosome 1q22-q23, in the region of the locus for Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy type 1B (CMT1B). We have investigated P0 as a candidate gene in two pedigrees with CMT1B and found point mutations which are completely linked with the disease (Z = 5.5, theta =(More)
CONTEXT Four genetic loci have been identified as contributing to Alzheimer disease (AD), including the amyloid precursor protein gene, the presenilin 1 gene, the presenilin 2 gene, and the apolipoprotein E gene, but do not account for all the genetic risk for AD. OBJECTIVE To identify additional genetic risk factors for late-onset AD. DESIGN A complete(More)
OBJECTIVE To delineate the progression of symptoms in the early and middle stages of Huntington disease (HD). DESIGN A survey of individuals with symptomatic HD completed by a first-degree relative. SETTING The National Huntington Disease Research Roster for Patients and Families, Indianapolis, Ind. PARTICIPANTS The survey included 1238 individuals(More)
A major determinant of the risk for osteoporosis is peak bone mineral density (BMD), which is largely determined by genetic factors. We recently reported linkage of peak BMD in a large sample of healthy sister pairs to chromosome 11q12-13. To identify additional loci underlying normal variations in peak BMD, we conducted an autosomal genome screen in 429(More)