Paddy Carter

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The murine monoclonal antibody mumAb4D5, directed against human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (p185HER2), specifically inhibits proliferation of human tumor cells overexpressing p185HER2. However, the efficacy of mumAb4D5 in human cancer therapy is likely to be limited by a human anti-mouse antibody response and lack of effector functions. A(More)
Many clinical uses of antibodies will require large quantities of fragments which are bivalent and humanized. We therefore attempted to generate humanized F(ab')2 fragments by secretion from E. coli. Titers of 1-2 g l-1 of soluble and functional Fab' fragments have been routinely achieved as judged by antigen-binding ELISA. Surprisingly, this high(More)
Liposomes (70-100 nm) of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoylphosphatidylcholine, cholesterol, and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-modified phosphatidylethanolamine (PEG-DSPE) were conjugated to Fab' fragments of a humanized recombinant MAb against the extracellular domain of HER2/neu to create sterically stabilized immunoliposomes (anti-HER2 SL) as a drug carrier targeting(More)
'Knobs-into-holes' was originally proposed by Crick in 1952 as a model for the packing of amino acid side chains between adjacent alpha-helices. 'Knobs-into-holes' is demonstrated here as a novel and effective design strategy for engineering antibody heavy chain homodimers for heterodimerization. In this approach a 'knob' variant was first obtained by(More)
Leri-Weill dyschondrosteosis (LWD) (MIM 127300) is a dominantly inherited skeletal dysplasia characterized phenotypically by Madelung wrist deformity, mesomelia, and short stature. LWD can now be defined genetically by haploinsufficiency of the SHOX (short stature homeobox-containing) gene. We have studied 21 LWD families (43 affected LWD subjects,(More)
Production of bispecific IgG (BsIgG) by coexpressing two different antibodies is inefficient due to unwanted pairings of the component heavy and light chains. To overcome this problem, heavy chains were remodeled for heterodimerization using engineered disulfide bonds in combination with previously identified "knobs-into-holes" mutations. One of the(More)
A large naive human single-chain (sc) Fv phage library was used to search for tumor-associated antigens by panning with a lung adenocarcinoma cell line, 1264, and counter-selecting with a nontumor bronchial epithelial cell line, BEAS-2B. After three rounds of subtractive panning, 239 of 673 clones analyzed bound selectively to 1264 tumor cells in a phage(More)
Structure-guided phage display was used to select for combinations of interface residues for antibody C(H)3 domains that promote the formation of stable heterodimers. A C(H)3 "knob" mutant was made by replacement of a small residue, threonine, with a larger one, tryptophan: T366W. A library of C(H)3 "hole" mutants was then created by randomizing residues(More)
The bright night-time aurorae that are visible to the unaided eye are caused by electrons accelerated towards Earth by an upward-pointing electric field. On adjacent geomagnetic field lines the reverse process occurs: a downward-pointing electric field accelerates electrons away from Earth. Such magnetic-field-aligned electric fields in the collisionless(More)