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Vasopressin may act in the brain as a neurotransmitter or neuromodulator to influence blood pressure, memory, body temperature and brain development. In order to localize probable central nervous system sites for these actions, we have used 125I-labelled 1-d(CH2)5, 7-sarcosine-8-arginine vasopressin, a specific V1-receptor antagonist, and in vitro(More)
Arginine vasopressin (AVP) acts on at least two receptor types, classified on the basis of their second messengers. The V1 receptor acts via mobilization of intracellular calcium through phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis and influences blood pressure and hepatic glycogenolysis. The V2 receptor acts via cAMP through activation of adenylate cyclase and causes(More)
Inhibition of dehydration-induced arginine vasopressin (AVP) secretion and thirst depends on removal of osmotic and hemodynamic stimuli as well as on preabsorptive oropharyngeal factors that reduce thirst and AVP secretion on drinking before correction of the water deficits. Plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) levels may also change with drinking.(More)
The hormone arginine vasopressin (AVP) contributes to water retention and vasoconstriction in congestive heart failure (CHF) through effects at the V2 and V1a receptors, respectively. The effect of long-term V2 receptor (V2R) blockade using OPC-31260 was assessed in a rat model of postinfarction-induced CHF. Rats underwent coronary artery ligation or sham(More)
Although insulin resistance and hypertension are commonly associated, the underlying cause for this association remains unknown. Plasma concentrations of the recently described hormone amylin, which is cosecreted with insulin by the pancreatic beta cell, are reported to be elevated in various states of insulin resistance, including hypertension and obesity.(More)
BACKGROUND The Mothers After Gestational Diabetes in Australia Diabetes Prevention Program (MAGDA-DPP) is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) that aims to assess the effectiveness of a structured diabetes prevention intervention for women who had gestational diabetes. METHODS/DESIGN The original protocol was published in Trials(More)
BACKGROUND Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as glucose intolerance with its onset or first recognition during pregnancy. Post-GDM women have a life-time risk exceeding 70% of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Lifestyle modifications reduce the incidence of T2DM by up to 58% for high-risk individuals. METHODS/DESIGN The Mothers(More)
BACKGROUND Poorly executed transfers of older patients from hospitals to long-term care facilities carry the risk of fragmentation of care, poor clinical outcomes, inappropriate use of emergency department services, and hospital readmission. OBJECTIVE This study was conducted to assess the impact of adding a pharmacist transition coordinator on(More)
In response to water deprivation or heat stress, healthy elderly men experience reduced thirst compared with a young control group. Because water deprivation and heat stress produce hypertonicity as well as reduced extracellular fluid volume, the aim of this study was to determine whether the elderly also experience reduced thirst in response to(More)