Pacifico Valeri

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Guinea-pig ileum stored for 30 min in Krebs solution and then mounted in Tyrode solution gave reproducible contracture responses to naloxone after brief exposure to morphine. The preparation lasted for several hours and a variety of pharmacological tests could be made. Clonidine, an alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist, and nifedipine, a calcium channel antagonist,(More)
The effect of various doses of clofibrate on the incidence of pregnancy, on the weight of gonads and seminal vesicles, on the estrous cycle, and on the elimination of 17-ketosteroids and estrogen through the urine was studied on the rat and the rabbit. Doses under 500 mg/kg were without effect. With doses of 500 mg/kg there was a marked decreas e in the(More)
The influences of the kappa-opiate agonist U50,488H (U50; 4 mg/kg IP), the neuroleptic haloperidol (HAL; 0.3 mg/kg IP), and MK-801 (0.2 mg/kg IP), a noncompetitive antagonist for NMDA receptors, were compared on the effects of nine days of d-amphetamine (AMPH) treatment (3 mg/kg IP) on food and water intake and urine output. AMPH prevented feeding(More)
Time-courses of both 'total' (unchanged plus metabolized) and unmetabolized acetaminophen were investigated in plasma and ocular tissues of rabbit after intravenous administration. The drug freely diffuses across the haemato-ocular barriers, reaching eye levels equal to those in the plasma; ocular concentrations are higher than those of all other(More)
In a previous study, we found that the kappa opioid agonist U50,488H (U50) suppresses both appetitive and consummatory components of drinking behavior in rats trained to negotiate water in a straight runway. U50 also activates diuresis. Kappa opioid mechanisms could therefore play a dissipative role in the body's water balance. Since naloxone inhibits(More)
In the present study, we investigated the role of vasopressin in the development of quinpirole-induced hyperdipsia in the rat. We report that: (1), an acute intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of 0.56 mg/kg of quinpirole increased plasma vasopressin (radioimmunoassay) at 15 min but not at 30 or 120 min; (2), nine daily injections of quinpirole (0.56 mg/kg,(More)
1. This study was undertaken to investigate whether, after a brief exposure of guinea-pig isolated ileum and rabbit jejunum to bremazocine, a kappa-opioid agonist also possessing antagonist activity at mu-opioid receptors, the addition of opioid antagonists produced withdrawal contractures. Our aim was to verify in these tissues the existence of an(More)
There is evidence that central noradrenergic hyperactivity is involved in the manifestation of the major signs and symptoms of the opiate withdrawal syndrome. In order to assess whether or not the noradrenergic system is also implicated in the development of opiate dependence, we studied dapiprazole, an alpha-1 selective adrenoceptor antagonist, clonidine(More)
Chronic amphetamine administration has been found to produce diuresis and polydipsia in rats. We have found that dapiprazole acutely suppresses the diuretic, but not the ingestive, effects of amphetamine. To see whether diuresis is the physiological stimulus driving amphetamine-mediated polydipsia, we injected rats daily with d,l-amphetamine and the alpha-1(More)
1. Following a 5 min in vitro exposure to morphine (1.3 x 10(-7) M), U-50,488H (2.5 x 10(-8) M) and deltorphin (1.6 x 10(-8)-6.5 x 10(-9) M), the rabbit isolated jejunum exhibited a precipitated contracture after the addition of naloxone (2.75 x 10(-7) M). 2. The precipitated responses to U-50,488H and deltorphin but not to morphine were reproducible in the(More)