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Lumbar disc hernia (LDH) is a leading cause of chronic pain in adults. The underlying pathology of chronic pain after discectomy remains unclear. Chronic local inflammation is considered to underlie painful symptomatology. In this context, we investigated tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1), and TNF receptor 2 (TNFR2) expression at the(More)
PURPOSE Previous experimental models have shown that proinflammatory cytokines modulate peripheral and central nociception. However, the direct correlation between inflammation and pain in patients remains unclear. Our aim is to correlate the levels of inflammation in the spine with pre- and postoperative pain scores after discectomy. METHODS(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) is a principal mediator in pro-inflammatory processes that involve necrosis, apoptosis and proliferation. Experimental and clinical evidence demonstrate that peripheral nerve injury results in activation and morphological changes of microglial cells in the spinal cord. These adjustments occur in order to initiate an(More)
INTRODUCTION Major depressive disorder is one of the most disabling and common diagnoses amongst psychiatric disorders, with a current worldwide prevalence of 5-10% of the general population and up to 20-25% for the lifetime period. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE Nowadays, conventional treatment includes psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy; however, more than 60%(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Sciatica is a condition characterized by radicular pain that can be secondary to a lumbar disc herniation (LDH). More than 10% of patients report persistent pain after surgery. The underlying mechanisms of postoperative sciatica remain unclear. There is evidence demonstrating that inflammation plays a role in the pathophysiology of(More)
The proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is well recognized as a key player in nociceptive signaling. Yet, therapeutic capitalization of this knowledge requires a better understanding of how TNF receptors (TNFR) contribute to pain. To address this question, we studied TNFR expression in the chronic sciatic nerve constriction (CCI) model(More)
Inflammation plays a key role in the development of sensitization after peripheral nerve damage. We recently demonstrated that tumor necrosis factor-α receptor (TNFR) levels in the spinal cord correlate with pain sensation in herniated disc patients in a rat chronic constriction injury (CCI) model. By using the sciatic nerve CCI model, we studied the effect(More)
PURPOSE To determine hippocampal expression of neuronal GABA-transporter (GAT-1) and glial GABA-transporter (GAT-3) in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and hippocampal sclerosis (HS). METHODS Hippocampal sections were immunohistochemically stained for GABA-transporter 1 and GABA-transporter-3, followed by quantification of the immunoreactivity(More)
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