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Here we show a unique example of male infertility conferred by a gene knockout of the sperm-specific, pH-dependent SLO3 potassium channel. In striking contrast to wild-type sperm which undergo membrane hyperpolarization during capacitation, we found that SLO3 mutant sperm undergo membrane depolarization. Several defects in SLO3 mutant sperm are evident(More)
Changes in the concentration of intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+) ]i) trigger and/or regulate principal sperm functions during fertilization, such as motility, capacitation, and the acrosome reaction (AR). Members of the large TRP channel family participate in a variety of Ca(2+) -dependent cell signaling processes. The eight TRPM channel members constitute one(More)
The cysteine-rich secretory proteins (CRISPs) are a group of four proteins in the mouse that are expressed abundantly in the male reproductive tract, and to a lesser extent in other tissues. Analysis of reptile CRISPs and mouse CRISP2 has shown that CRISPs can regulate cellular homeostasis via ion channels. With the exception of the ability of CRISP2 to(More)
Spermatozoa depend upon ion channels to rapidly exchange information with the outside world and to fertilise the egg. These efficient ion transporters participate in many of the most important sperm processes, such as motility and capacitation. It is well known that sperm swimming is regulated by [Ca2+]i. In the sea urchin sperm speract, a decapeptide(More)
Slo3 channels belong to the high conductance Slo K+ channel family. They are activated by voltage and intracellular alkalinization, and have a K+/Na+ permeability ratio (PK/PNa) of only approximately 5. Slo3 channels have only been found in mammalian sperm. Here we show that Slo3 channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes are also stimulated by elevated cAMP(More)
Ca(2+)-dependent mechanisms are critical for successful completion of fertilization. Here, we demonstrate that CRISP1, a sperm protein involved in mammalian fertilization, is also present in the female gamete and capable of modulating key sperm Ca(2+) channels. Specifically, we show that CRISP1 is expressed by the cumulus cells that surround the egg and(More)
Mammalian sperm must undergo a maturational process, named capacitation, in the female reproductive tract to fertilize the egg. Sperm capacitation is regulated by a cAMP/protein kinase A (PKA) pathway and involves increases in intracellular Ca(2+), pH, Cl(-), protein tyrosine phosphorylation, and in mouse and some other mammals a membrane potential(More)
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