Pablo Martín-Vasallo

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We review the morphofunctional characteristics of pericytes and report our observations. After a brief historical background, we consider the following aspects of pericytes: A) Origin in embryonic vasculogenesis (mesenchymal stem cells, neurocrest and other possible sources) and in embryonic and postnatal life angiogenesis (pre-existing pericytes,(More)
There are multiple isoforms of the Na,K-ATPase in the nervous system, three isoforms of the a subunit, and at least two of the b subunit. The a subunit is the catalytic subunit. The b subunit has several roles. It is required for enzyme assembly, it has been implicated in neuron-glia adhesion, and the experimental exchange of b subunit isoforms modifies(More)
In this article, the second of two, we continue our studies of sodium-dependent transport systems in human cartilage from healthy individuals and with osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We demonstrate the presence of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC), previously undescribed in chondrocytes. This system is composed of three subunits,(More)
Perception of mechanical signals and the biological responses to such stimuli are fundamental properties of load bearing articular cartilage in diarthrodial joints. Chondrocytes utilize mechanical signals to synthesize an extracellular matrix capable of withstanding high loads and shear stresses. Recent studies have shown that chondrocytes undergo changes(More)
Na+, K+-ATPase is ubiquitously expressed in the plasma membrane of all animal cells where it serves as the principal regulator of intracellular ion homeostasis. Na+, K+-ATPase is responsible for generating and maintaining transmembrane ionic gradients that are of vital importance for cellular function and subservient activities such as volume regulation, pH(More)
Despite the recognition that degenerative cartilage disorders like osteoarthritis (OA) and osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) may have nutritional abnormalities at the root of their pathogenesis, balanced dietary supplementation programs have played a secondary role in their management. This review emphasizes the importance and role of nutritional factors such(More)
Chondrocytes exist in an unusual and variable ionic and osmotic environment in the extracellular matrix of cartilage and are responsible for maintaining the delicate equilibrium between extracellular matrix synthesis and degradation. The mechanical performance of cartilage relies on the biochemical properties of the matrix. Alterations to the ionic and(More)
The chondrocyte is the cell responsible for the maintenance of the articular cartilage matrix. The negative charges of proteoglycans of the matrix draw cations, principally Na+, into the matrix to balance the negative charge distribution. The Na+,K(+)-ATPase is the plasma membrane enzyme that maintains the intracellular Na+ and K+ concentrations. The enzyme(More)
Chondrocytes exist in an unusual and highly variable ionic and osmotic environment in the extracellular matrix of articular cartilage. Alterations to the ionic and osmotic environment of chondrocytes influence the volume and ionic content of the cells, which, in turn, modifies the rate at which extracellular matrix macromolecules are synthesized and(More)
There are multiple isoforms of the Na,K-ATPase in the nervous system, three isoforms of the alpha subunit, and at least two of the beta subunit. The alpha subunit is the catalytic subunit. The beta subunit has several roles. It is required for enzyme assembly, it has been implicated in neuron-glia adhesion, and the experimental exchange of beta subunit(More)