Pablo M. Lavados

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BACKGROUND Magnesium sulphate is a neuroprotective agent that might improve outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage by reducing the occurrence or improving the outcome of delayed cerebral ischaemia. We did a trial to test whether magnesium therapy improves outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage. METHODS We did this phase 3 randomised,(More)
Stroke is a major health problem in Latin American and Caribbean countries. In this paper, we review the epidemiology, aetiology, and management of stroke in the region based on a systematic search of articles published in Spanish, Portuguese, and English. Stroke mortality is higher than in developed countries but rates are declining. Population-based(More)
BACKGROUND Whether rapid lowering of elevated blood pressure would improve the outcome in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage is not known. METHODS We randomly assigned 2839 patients who had had a spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage within the previous 6 hours and who had elevated systolic blood pressure to receive intensive treatment to lower their(More)
To describe the epidemiological characteristics of epilepsy in a northern area of Chile, an investigation was conducted in four localities in the province of Copiapó (population of 17,694). Based on 314 cases of active epilepsy, the prevalence per 1000 at June 30, 1988 was 17.7. The average annual incidence for the period 1984-1988 was 113 per 100,000.(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the importance of tension-type headache (TTH) in Santiago, Chile, by analyzing its prevalence, clinical features, and impact by age, gender, and socioeconomic status, using widely accepted international diagnostic criteria. METHODS In 1993, a representative sample of 1540 adults (older than 14) of the province of Santiago were(More)
BACKGROUND Thrombolytic therapy for acute ischemic stroke with a lower-than-standard dose of intravenous alteplase may improve recovery along with a reduced risk of intracerebral hemorrhage. METHODS Using a 2-by-2 quasi-factorial open-label design, we randomly assigned 3310 patients who were eligible for thrombolytic therapy (median age, 67 years; 63%(More)
BACKGROUND The epidemiology of stroke in Latin-American populations and variation of subtypes between communities are unclear. Our aim was to ascertain prospectively the incidence of first-ever stroke in the predominantly Hispanic-Mestizo population of Iquique, a city in the northern desert region of Chile. METHODS We prospectively identified all possible(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We developed and validated a simple algorithm to predict the risk of hematoma growth in acute spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) to better inform clinicians and researchers in their efforts to improve outcomes for patients. METHODS We analyzed data from the computed tomography substudies of the pilot and main phases of the(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) have impaired vasomotor reactivity, especially in the affected cerebral hemisphere, such that they may depend directly on systemic blood pressure to maintain perfusion to vulnerable 'at risk' penumbral tissue. As the sitting up position may affect cerebral perfusion by decreasing cerebral blood flow (CBF)(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke mimics (SMs) are frequent in emergency departments (EDs), but are treated infrequently with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) thrombolysis. We aimed at identifying the factors that lead to the exclusion of SMs from thrombolytic therapy. METHODS Consecutive patients presenting to the ED between December 2004 and(More)