Pablo Juan-Picó

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Insulin is the main hormone involved in the regulation of glycaemia, its impaired secretion is a hallmark of type I and type II diabetic individuals. Additionally, insulin is involved in lipogenesis and weight gain, provoking an anorexigenic action. The endocannabinoid system contributes to the physiological regulation of energy balance, food intake and(More)
Recent reports have described the presence of cannabinoid CB1 receptors in pancreatic islets. Here we show that administration of the endogenous cannabinoid anandamide or the selective cannabinoid CB1 receptor agonist Arachidonyl-2'-chloroethylamide (ACEA) results in glucose intolerance after a glucose load. This effect is reversed by the selective(More)
Here we show that the activation of cannabinoid CB2 receptors improved glucose tolerance after a glucose load. Blockade of cannabinoid CB2 receptors counteracted this effect, leading to glucose intolerance. Since blockade of cannabinoid CB1 receptors mimics the actions of cannabinoid CB2 receptor agonists, we propose that the endocannabinoid system(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS We examined the presence of functional cannabinoid receptors 1 and 2 (CB1, CB2) in isolated human islets, phenotyped the cells producing cannabinoid receptors and analysed the actions of selective cannabinoid receptor agonists on insulin, glucagon and somatostatin secretion in vitro. We also described the localisation on islet cells of: (1)(More)
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and its guanylyl cyclase-A (GC-A) receptor are being involved in metabolism, although their role in the endocrine pancreas is still greatly unknown. The aim of this work is to study a possible role for the ANP/GC-A system in modulating pancreatic beta-cell function. The results presented here show a direct effect of the GC-A(More)
PPAR alpha is a ligand-activated transcription factor belonging to the nuclear receptor superfamily. PPAR alpha is involved in the regulation of in vivo triglyceride levels, presumably through its effects on fatty acid and lipoprotein metabolism. Some nuclear receptors have been involved in rapid effects mediated by non-genomic mechanisms. In this paper, we(More)
BACKGROUND Glucagon expression is being considered as a definitive endoderm marker in protocols aiming to obtain insulin-secreting cells from embryonic stem cells. However, it should be considered that in vivo glucagon is expressed both in definitive endoderm- and neuroectoderm-derived cells. Therefore, the true nature and function of in vitro spontaneously(More)
The non-steroidal compound STX modulates the hypothalamic control of core body temperature and energy homeostasis. The aim of this work was to study the potential effects of STX on pancreatic β-cell function. 1-10 nM STX produced an increase in glucose-induced insulin secretion in isolated islets from male mice, whereas it had no effect in islets from(More)
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