Pablo Hernán Strobl-Mazzulla

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The neural crest is a multipotent stem cell-like population that is induced during gastrulation, but only acquires its characteristic morphology, migratory ability, and gene expression profile after neurulation. This raises the intriguing possibility that precursors are actively maintained by epigenetic influences in a stem cell-like state. Accordingly, we(More)
Cytochrome P450 aromatase (cyp19) is an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of androgens to estrogens and may play a role in temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD) of reptiles, amphibians, and fishes. In this study, the ovarian P450 aromatase form (cyp19A1) of pejerrey Odontesthes bonariensis, a teleost with marked TSD, was cloned and its expression(More)
The development of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons was studied in relation to the sensitive period of thermolabile sex determination in the pejerrey Odontesthes bonariensis, an atherinid fish from South America. Fish were raised from hatching at three different temperatures: 17 degrees C (100% females), 24 degrees C (70% females), and 29(More)
The brain-type aromatase (CYP19A2) cDNA from pejerrey Odontesthes bonariensis was characterized. Its sequence differs from the ovarian-derived aromatase (CYP19A1) previously reported for the same species. The cDNA is 2305bp in length and the deduced protein comprises 501 amino-acids. The percentage of identity was higher when compared to other brain-derived(More)
Neural crest cells form within the neural tube and then undergo an epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) to initiate migration to distant locations. The transcriptional repressor Snail2 has been implicated in neural crest EMT via an as of yet unknown mechanism. We report that the adaptor protein PHD12 is highly expressed before neural crest EMT. At(More)
The pejerrey (Odontesthes bonariensis) is a teleost fish with strong temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD). Several studies have shown that dmrt1 and gonadal aromatase (cyp19a1) are implicated in the sex differentiation process in teleosts but little is known on the expression balance and endocrine regulation of these two genes during TSD. This(More)
1. This work deals with a family of neuropeptides, gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), that play a key role in the development and maintenance of reproductive function in vertebrates. 2. Until now, a total of 16 GnRH structural variants have been isolated and characterized from vertebrate and protochordate nervous tissue. All vertebrate species already(More)
Here, we explore whether silencing via promoter DNA methylation plays a role in neural versus neural crest cell lineage decisions. We show that DNA methyltransferase3A (DNMT3A) promotes neural crest specification by directly mediating repression of neural genes like Sox2 and Sox3. DNMT3A is expressed in the neural plate border, and its knockdown causes(More)
The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an important event converting compact and ordered epithelial cells into migratory mesenchymal cells. Given the molecular and cellular similarities between pathological and developmental EMTs, studying this event during neural crest development offers and excellent in vivo model for understanding the(More)
The neural crest is a migratory and multipotent cell population that plays a crucial role in many aspects of embryonic development. In all vertebrate embryos, these cells emerge from the dorsal neural tube then migrate long distances to different regions of the body, where they contribute to formation of many cell types and structures. These include much of(More)