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BIS Working Papers are written by members of the Monetary and Economic Department of the Bank for International Settlements, and from time to time by other economists, and are published by the Bank. The papers are on subjects of topical interest and are technical in character. The views expressed in them are those of their authors and not necessarily the(More)
Acid inhibitory therapy has long been considered of no benefit for upper GI bleeding. The reason was that achlorhydria in the stomach could not be achieved with any single or combination of acid inhibitory drugs. The introduction of proton pump inhibitors has, for the first time, allowed the physician to temporarily achieve achlorhydria by large doses of(More)
Helicobacter pylori (HP) eradication reduces dramatically the peptic ulcer relapse rate, but information regarding recurrence of peptic ulcer bleeding after eradication is still scanty. Available data show rebleeding rates of 0-3% per year in successfully eradication patients, compared with figures between 12 and 33% among the non eradicated ones. The aim(More)
Patients with localized high-risk soft tissue sarcomas (STS) of the limbs and trunk wall still have a considerable metastatic recurrence rate of more than 50%, in spite of adjuvant chemotherapy. This drug-ceiling effect of chemotherapy in sarcoma setting could be explained, at least partially, by multidrug resistance (MDR) mechanisms. The aim of this study(More)
PURPOSE This study aims to determine the incidence of nausea and vomiting (CINV) after moderately emetogenic chemotherapy (MEC), under medical practice conditions and the accuracy with which physicians perceive CINV. METHODS Chemotherapy-naive patients receiving MEC between April 2012 and May 2013 were included. Patients completed a diary of the intensity(More)
A few years ago, patients with bleeding peptic ulcers were referred to the surgeon if the bleeding did not stop. Today we have two promising new approaches to prevent emergency surgery. One is endoscopic intervention, the other is the pharmacological approach of blocking the proton pump. The endoscopical techniques of adrenaline injection fibrin-'glue'(More)
1. A study was made of 34 cases (33%) of myocardial infarction trans and immediately postoperative which occurred in 11,210 surgical interventions with and without extracorporeal circulation. 2. This presents a statistical relation of the frequency of myocardial infarction in realtion to the heart disease acquired with or without extracorporeal circulation(More)
Nowadays technics for Helicobacter pylori detection in stools like culture, and PCR, are expensive and difficult to perform. The aim of this study was to evaluate ELISA test efficacy for detection of H. Pylori antigens in stools comparing this results with standarized technics like histology (Giemsa), ureasa test and UBT C 14. 26 patients were evaluated in(More)
A new echocardiographic technique is described, which allows cardiovascular ultrasonic exploration by means of a transducer mounted on the distal tip of a gastroscope. The transducer is moved along the esophagus and from time to time into the stomach, which permits real-time visualization of the different cardiac segments and the great arteries. This(More)
A secondary complication in the utilization of the CPB (cardiopulmonary bypass) is post-op bleeding due to alterations in the red blood cells and the activation sequences between coagulation, fibrinolysis and complement. We did this study with the objective to evaluate the behavior of the blood cells and coagulation factors using centrifugal pump (n = 12)(More)