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The transcription factor LONG HYPOCOTYL5 (HY5) acts downstream of multiple families of the photoreceptors and promotes photomorphogenesis. Although it is well accepted that HY5 acts to regulate target gene expression, in vivo binding of HY5 to any of its target gene promoters has yet to be demonstrated. Here, we used a chromatin immunoprecipitation(More)
We present the Interaction Technique Markup Language (InTml), a profile on top of the core X3D that describes 3D interaction techniques (InTs) and hardware platforms. InTml makes 3D InTs easier to understand, compare, and integrate in complete virtual reality (VR) applications. InTml can be used as a front end for any VR toolkit, so InTml documents that(More)
Cullin-based E3 ubiquitin ligases play important roles in the regulation of diverse developmental processes and environmental responses in eukaryotic organisms. Recently, it was shown in Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Caenorhabditis elegans, and mammals that Cullin3 (CUL3) directly associates with RBX1 and BTB domain proteins in vivo to form a new family of E3(More)
The plant hormone jasmonate (JA) plays important roles in the regulation of plant defence and development. JASMONATE ZIM-DOMAIN (JAZ) proteins inhibit transcription factors that regulate early JA-responsive genes, and JA-induced degradation of JAZ proteins thus allows expression of these response genes. To date, MYC2 is the only transcription factor known(More)
CAVE™ displays offer many advantages over other virtual reality (VR) displays, including a large, unencumbering viewing space. Unfortunately, the typical tracking subsystems used with CAVE™ displays tether the user and lessen this advantage. We have designed a simple, low-cost feet tracker that is wireless, leaving the user free to move. The tracker can be(More)
Salinity is a severe abiotic stress that affects irrigated croplands. Jasmonate (JA) is an essential hormone involved in plant defense against herbivory and in responses to abiotic stress. However, the relationship between the salt stress response and the JA pathway in Arabidopsis thaliana is not well understood at molecular and cellular levels. In this(More)
The COP9 signalosome (CSN) is an evolutionarily conserved multisubunit protein complex that regulates a variety of biological processes. Among its eight subunits, CSN5 and CSN6 contain a characteristic MPN (for Mpr1p and Pad1p N-terminal) domain and, in Arabidopsis thaliana, are each encoded by two genes: CSN5A, CSN5B and CSN6A, CSN6B, respectively. We(More)
Virtual reality applications consist of an integrated combination of elements, such as hardware devices, interaction techniques, and content, in different modalities and qualities. Designers of virtual reality applications select combinations of such elements that allow users to accomplish their tasks, and it is feasible that more than one combination of(More)