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Plant species diversity maintains the stability of ecosystems and the diversity of consumer species such as insect herbivores. Considering that gall-inducing insects are highly specialized on their(More)
Fluctuating asymmetry (FA) is a parameter to measure developmental stability in plants, which can be altered by disturbances, pollution, and biotic factors such as herbivory. We evaluated the effects(More)
The richness and composition of herbivore communities can be influenced by the genetic variation of host plants. Hybrid plant populations are ideal to test these effects because they usually harbor(More)
Herbivorous insects respond to the chemical variation of their host plants which, in turn, usually has a genetic component. Therefore, it is expected that individual host plants with similar(More)
Mistletoes are parasitic plants that show effects that can parallel or contrast with those caused by herbivores to their host plants, particularly on aspects such as host biomass, resource allocation(More)
In primate populations, endoparasite species richness and prevalence are associated with host traits such as reproductive and social status, age, sex, host population density, and environmental(More)