Learn More
B-cell activation factor from the tumor necrosis factor family (BAFF) is a key survival factor during B-cell maturation -- a delicate immune checkpoint for B cells. Excessive BAFF production at this stage corrupts B-cell tolerance and leads to autoimmunity. Elevated serum BAFF levels have been detected in some patients suffering from various autoimmune(More)
B lymphocytes partially contribute to autoimmune type 1 diabetes (T1D) as a subset of APC with a preferential ability to trigger pathogenic CD4 T cells. We hypothesized that this resulted from the unique ability of B lymphocytes to take up pancreatic beta cell proteins through Ig mediated capture. T1D was significantly delayed, but not prevented, in a NOD(More)
One mechanism whereby B cells contribute to type 1 diabetes in nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice is as a subset of APCs that preferentially presents MHC class II-bound pancreatic beta cell Ags to autoreactive CD4 T cells. This results from their ability to use cell surface Ig to specifically capture beta cell Ags. Hence, we postulated a diabetogenic role for(More)
This study describes a CD4+ T helper (Th) cell subset marked by coexpression of the cytokine interleukin 21 (IL-21) and the gut-homing chemokine receptor CCR9. Although CCR9+ Th cells were observed in healthy mice and humans, they were enriched in the inflamed pancreas and salivary glands of NOD mice and in the circulation of Sjögren's syndrome patients.(More)
Reduced numbers and function of invariant NKT (iNKT) cells partially contribute to type 1 diabetes (T1D) development in NOD mice. Previous linkage analysis identified a genetic locus on chromosome 2 controlling numbers of thymic iNKT cells. Interestingly, this locus resides within the Idd13 region that distinguishes NOD mice from the closely genetically(More)
Autoimmune type 1 diabetes (T1D) in humans and NOD mice results from interactions between multiple susceptibility genes (termed Idd) located within and outside the MHC. Despite sharing ∼88% of their genome with NOD mice, including the H2(g7) MHC haplotype and other important Idd genes, the closely related nonobese resistant (NOR) strain fails to develop T1D(More)
We have previously shown that nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice are selectively deficient in alpha/beta-T cell receptor (TCR)+CD4-CD8- NKT cells, a defect that may contribute to their susceptibility to the spontaneous development of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). The role of NKT cells in protection from IDDM in NOD mice was studied by the infusion(More)
Defects in NK and NKT cell activities have been implicated in the etiology of type 1 (autoimmune) diabetes in NOD mice on the basis of experiments performed using surrogate phenotypes for the identification of these lymphocyte subsets. Here, we have generated a congenic line of NOD mice (NOD.b-Nkrp1(b)) which express the allelic NK1.1 marker, enabling the(More)
It has long been established that type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a T cell-mediated autoimmune disease, with CD4+ and CD8+ T cells being largely responsible for the destruction of beta cells within the pancreatic islets of Langerhans. Although autoantibodies specific for islet cell proteins are regularly detected in individuals with T1D and can be utilized as(More)
A broad repertoire of pancreatic beta-cell autoreactive T-cells normally contributes to the development of type 1 diabetes in NOD mice. However, it has been unknown if a large reduction in the precursor pool from which autoreactive T-cells are drawn would inhibit the development of type 1 diabetes. To address this issue, we reduced the precursor frequency(More)