Paavali A Hannikainen

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STUDY DESIGN This study analyzed the relationship of disc degeneration to atherosclerotic changes in the abdominal aorta and stenosis of the ostia of the lumbar and middle sacral arteries, 86 plain radiographs of lumbosacral spines, and the corresponding abdominal aortas were evaluated in connection with routine autopsy. RESULTS Disc degeneration,(More)
Although rats and mice do not vomit, these species are widely studied as models of energy balance and sickness behavior. Previous work has shown that rats exhibit similar neuroanatomical activation of brain and visceral afferent pathways following cisplatin chemotherapy compared to vomiting species. However, the neural response to cisplatin in mice is(More)
OBJECTIVES Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome belongs to the genetic prion diseases being associated with mutations in the prion protein gene (PRNP). The most common is the point mutation at codon 102, leading to the substitution of proline to leucine (P102L). Previous reports have indicated a phenotypic heterogeneity among individuals with this(More)
Two hundred four appendiceal isolates for Escherichia coli from 146 patients with either inflamed appendices (IA) (110 patients) or noninflamed appendices (NA) (36 patients) were characterized. Strains with P fimbriae were detected in 27% of IA and 31% of NA whereas type 1C-fimbriated strains were found only in IA (13%). Four serotypes, three with K5(More)
Finland enacted as the first country in Europe an Act on the Status and Rights of Patients. This report deals with the experiences gained in the course of the implementation of the patient law during the past three years it has been in force. Patients' rights to information and self-determination are considered as the most central matters. Also the right to(More)
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