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BACKGROUND T2-weighted cardiac magnetic resonance imaging is useful in diagnosing acute inflammatory myocardial diseases, such as myocarditis and tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTCM). We hypothesized that quantitative T2 mapping could better delineate myocardial involvement in these disorders versus T2-weighted imaging. METHODS AND RESULTS Thirty patients(More)
The literature exploring the utility of advanced echocardiographic techniques (such as deformation imaging) in the diagnosis and prognostication of patients receiving potentially cardiotoxic cancer therapy has involved relatively small trials in the research setting. In this systematic review of the current literature, we describe echocardiographic(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to test the accuracy of an automated 3-dimensional (3D) proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) (in vitro and patients) and stroke volume technique (patients) to assess mitral regurgitation (MR) severity using real-time volume color flow Doppler transthoracic echocardiography. METHODS AND RESULTS Using an in vitro(More)
CONTEXT Current guidelines recommend the use of aldosterone antagonists (AA) in patients with moderately severe to severe symptoms [New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III to IV] and systolic heart failure. OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy of AA in improving ejection fraction (EF) and functional capacity and to assess whether this effect was(More)
Purpose To quantify myocardial extracellular volume (ECV) by using cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in thalassemia major and to investigate the relationship between ECV and myocardial iron overload. Materials and Methods With institutional review board approval and informed consent, 30 patients with thalassemia major (mean age ± standard deviation,(More)
BACKGROUND While the role of hydroxymethyl glutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) in secondary prevention of cardiovascular (CV) events and mortality is established, their value for primary prevention is less clear. To clarify the role of statins for patients without CV disease, we performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to identify the best echocardiographic method for sequential quantification of left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) and volumes in patients undergoing cancer chemotherapy. BACKGROUND Decisions regarding cancer therapy are based on temporal changes of EF. However the method for EF measurement with the lowest(More)
Bough et al. have recently demonstrated anticonvulsant effects of the 'classic' ketogenic diet (KD) in the pentylenetetrazol infusion model in rats. Proconvulsant effects were seen, however, when the 'classic' diet was tested against maximal electroshock (MES) seizures. These differing results may reflect the fact that the two models involve different kinds(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the feasibility, accuracy, and reproducibility of real-time full-volume 3-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (3D RT-VTTE) to measure left ventricular (LV) volumes and ejection fraction (EF) using a fully automated endocardial contouring algorithm and to identify and automatically correct the contours to obtain accurate LV(More)