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BACKGROUND T2-weighted cardiac magnetic resonance imaging is useful in diagnosing acute inflammatory myocardial diseases, such as myocarditis and tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTCM). We hypothesized that quantitative T2 mapping could better delineate myocardial involvement in these disorders versus T2-weighted imaging. METHODS AND RESULTS Thirty patients(More)
The literature exploring the utility of advanced echocardiographic techniques (such as deformation imaging) in the diagnosis and prognostication of patients receiving potentially cardiotoxic cancer therapy has involved relatively small trials in the research setting. In this systematic review of the current literature, we describe echocardiographic(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is challenging owing to vague symptomatology and non-specific echocardiographic findings. OBJECTIVE To describe regional patterns in longitudinal strain (LS) using two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography in CA and to test the hypothesis that regional differences would help differentiate CA(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to identify the best echocardiographic method for sequential quantification of left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) and volumes in patients undergoing cancer chemotherapy. BACKGROUND Decisions regarding cancer therapy are based on temporal changes of EF. However the method for EF measurement with the lowest(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to test the accuracy of an automated 3-dimensional (3D) proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) (in vitro and patients) and stroke volume technique (patients) to assess mitral regurgitation (MR) severity using real-time volume color flow Doppler transthoracic echocardiography. METHODS AND RESULTS Using an in vitro(More)
Male Wistar rat pups were weaned at 20 days of age and placed on either a control diet or a ketogenic diet containing medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) oil. After 10 days on the diets, they were subjected to one of four seizure tests-maximal electric shock, threshold electroconvulsive shock, threshold pentylenetetrazol, or maximal pentylenetetrazol. After(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the utility of rapid, quantitative T2 mapping compared with conventional T2-weighted imaging in patients presenting with various forms of acute myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND T2-weighted cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) identifies myocardial edema before the onset of irreversible ischemic injury and has shown value in(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of a novel cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) real-time phase contrast (RT-PC) flow measurement technique to reveal the discordant respirophasic changes in mitral and tricuspid valve in flow indicative of the abnormal hemodynamics seen in constrictive pericarditis (CP). BACKGROUND Definitive(More)
Purpose To quantify myocardial extracellular volume (ECV) by using cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in thalassemia major and to investigate the relationship between ECV and myocardial iron overload. Materials and Methods With institutional review board approval and informed consent, 30 patients with thalassemia major (mean age ± standard deviation,(More)
CONTEXT Hearing impairment is prevalent among the elderly population but commonly underdiagnosed. OBJECTIVE To review the accuracy and precision of bedside clinical maneuvers for diagnosing hearing impairment. DATA SOURCES MEDLINE and EMBASE databases (1966 to April 2005) were searched for English-language articles related to screening for hearing(More)