Paal Methlie

Learn More
OBJECTIVE Because we found higher serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels among smokers than among non-smokers with analyses using an electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA) from Roche, the purpose of the present study was to examine whether this difference between smokers and non-smokers was maintained using other serum 25(OH)D assays. DESIGN A(More)
OBJECTIVE Failure to mirror the diurnal cortisol profile could contribute to the impaired subjective health status in Addison's disease (AD). Some patients report benefit from the use of various nutritional compounds. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of licorice and grapefruit juice (GFJ) on the absorption and metabolism of(More)
OBJECTIVE The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis seems dysregulated and part of the pathophysiology in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Recent evidence indicates that systemic cortisol metabolism influences blood cortisol levels and HPA axis functioning. Our objective was to estimate systemic cortisol(More)
OBJECTIVE Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) offers superior analytical specificity compared to immunoassays, but is not available in many regions and hospital due to expensive instrumentation and tedious sample preparation. Thus, we developed an automated, high-throughput LC-MS/MS assay for simultaneous quantification of 10 endogenous and(More)
BACKGROUND Limited knowledge is available on to what extent doctors and nurses know the correct use of various inhalation devices. We wanted to examine this skill among 25 doctors and 25 nurses randomly selected from the departments of pulmonology, internal medicine and surgery at a university hospital. DESIGN Two technicians asked them to demonstrate the(More)
In about 95% of cases, congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is caused by mutations in CYP21A2 gene encoding steroid 21-hydroxylase (21OH). Recently, we have reported four novel CYP21A2 variants in the Norwegian population of patients with CAH, of which p.L388R and p.E140K were associated with salt wasting (SW), p.P45L with simple virilising (SV) and(More)
Dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is suggested as a pathophysiological factor in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Increased clearance of cortisol was recently indicated as a component in the HPA axis hyperdrive. The aim of the present study was to test the model of increased cortisol metabolism in a new replication sample(More)
OBJECTIVE Dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is documented in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, but the mechanism is unclear; recently, increased activity of cortisol metabolizing enzymes was indicated in these disorders. We investigated whether five genes involved in cortisol metabolism were associated with altered activity of(More)
OBJECTIVES Increased intra-adipose cortisol is thought to promote obesity, but few human studies have investigated intra-adipose glucocorticoid hormones and none have demonstrated prospective changes with fat loss. DESIGN AND METHODS Subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) was obtained from obese subjects before and 1-year after surgery-induced fat loss, and(More)