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Sixteen patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (1 degree SS) who complained of dyspnea were investigated with high resolution computerized tomography of the thorax, bronchoalveolar lavage, and transbronchial biopsy. Six patients had evidence of interstitial fibrosis, 5 had a peribronchiolar lymphocytic infiltration and 3 had pleural thickening. We(More)
We have used the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) to follow changes in disability in an unselected group of 245 patients with RA. The HAQ has been widely used in cross-sectional studies of disability in RA, but little is known about the dynamics of the change in HAQ score with long term follow-up. If it is to prove useful as a measure of health outcome(More)
Clinical and radiological assessment of 100 patients (97 female) with primary Sjögren's syndrome was performed within six months of diagnosis in conjunction with spirometry and measurement of transfer factor for carbon monoxide (TLCO). This was repeated in an unselected subgroup of 30 patients after a mean interval of four years. On initial assessment, 43(More)
We have documented the initial clinical features of 100 patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) together with the results of their baseline investigations. The evolution of the disease in these patients has been followed for a median of 34 months (range 3-84 months). The majority of patients were females aged 40-60 years, and common clinical features(More)
Inhaled corticosteroids are now first-line therapy for most patients with asthma. However, it has been shown that there is ongoing airway inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness even in the presence of low dose inhaled corticosteroids. To ensure a maximal therapeutic potential we investigated the effect of 3 mo of a very high dose of a new inhaled(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess secondary preventative therapy among postmenopausal female inpatients (aged 75 years and over) receiving surgical management for a fractured neck of femur using two service delivery models. DESIGN Practice in two fracture units was audited and compared using the NICE guidelines (TA 87) as an audit standard. SETTING TWO FRACTURE(More)
Despite the increasing complexity of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) studies in asthmatics there are few published data concerning the variability of inflammatory parameters measured using this technique. We studied the intrasubject variability of cellular and solute parameters in 20 clinically stable, symptomatic, mild-to-moderate asthmatics, in repeat 180 mL(More)
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) urea has been advocated as a denominator that might allow for the dilution of the pulmonary epithelial lining fluid sampled at BAL, and so provide a meaningful method of expressing BAL data. We investigated the origin of water and urea sampled at BAL in five asthmatic and five control subjects using radiolabeled urea injected(More)
BACKGROUND Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with increased incidence cardiac failure. It is yet unclear how much the increased incidence is secondary to ischaemic damage, or whether inflammatory cytokines might have a direct effect on the myocardium. OBJECTIVES To establish if patients with active rheumatoid arthritis but no history of cardiac(More)