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When infused into the third ventricle of rats, insulin dose-dependently reduces food intake and body weight, with doses of 1 mU/day and lower being ineffective. Because corticosterone functionally antagonizes many of insulin's peripheral actions, and because corticosterone acts in the brain to enable hyperphagia under some conditions, a subthreshold dose of(More)
Circulating glucocorticoids are necessary for hyperphagia and excessive weight gain in obese rodents. It has been reported that intraventricular administration of selected glucocorticoids restores hyperphagia and weight gain in anorexic adrenalectomized gold thioglucose-treated mice. We wanted to determine whether administration of glucocorticoids directly(More)
We examined the hypothesis that the uptake of plasma insulin into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is saturable in two rat models. Dietary obese and control female Osborne Mendel rats received 24-h infusions of vehicle or insulin. CSF insulin levels in cafeteria- and chow-fed rats were comparable at all levels of plasma insulin (4.5 +/- 2.8, 7.6 +/- 2.4, and 23.9(More)
In this study, we compared the effectiveness of intravenous (IV) vs. intraventricular (IVT) cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) to decrease single meal size over a dose range of 0.1 to 4.0 micrograms/kg in a population of overnight fasted baboons. IV CCK did not decrease meal size significantly at doses of 0.5, 1, and 4 micrograms/kg (84 +/- 22%, 78 +/-(More)
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