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To explore the use of stem/progenitor cells from peripheral blood (PB) for allogeneic transplantation, we have studied the mobilization of progenitor cells in normal donors by growth factors. Normal subjects were administered either granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) at 10 micrograms/kg/d, or G-CSF at 10 micrograms/kg/d, or a(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study was to characterize CD34+ cell grafts, obtained using a novel technique, from children undergoing autologous bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for cancer therapy. In particular, we wanted to determine if the CD34+ marrow cell grafts generated hematopoietic reconstitution, since a positive result would motivate further(More)
We have developed a time-lapse camera system to follow the replication history and the fate of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) at a single-cell level. Combined with single-cell culture, we correlated the early replication behavior with colony development after 14 days. The membrane dye PKH26 was used to monitor cell division. In addition to multiple,(More)
Gene therapy is a promising treatment modality for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Autologous transplantation with genetically altered pluripotent hematopoietic stem cells encoding anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) genes could in theory completely and permanently reconstitute all blood lineages and immune functions with cells resistant to(More)
Umbilical cord blood (CB) has been identified as a potential source of hematopoietic stem cells suitable for clinical transplantation. We used long-term cord blood cultures (LTCBC) to evaluate the hematopoietic potential of populations of umbilical CB cells phenotypically defined and isolated by flow cytometry. LTCBC initiated with CD34+HLA-DR+ and(More)
BACKGROUND A proportion of candidates for high-dose chemotherapy with autologous PBPC support (HDC-PBPCS) will not provide an adequate PBPC yield from their first mobilization. The value of re-mobilization and the best regimen for re-mobilization in these patients is unclear. METHODS In 23 patients who failed to provide > or = 3 x 10(6) CD34+ cells/kg(More)
The ex vivo selective separation of cells from bone marrow and peripheral blood stem cell preparations is increasingly used as an adjunct to hematopoietic rescue following high-dose therapy for refractory cancer. Immunomagnetic separation, in which the target cells are identified using monoclonal antibodies and separated by attachment to paramagnetic(More)
Immunomagnetic separation has been used to enrich CD34-positive cells in umbilical cord blood. Cell purities were increased from 0.59% preseparation to 92.7% postseparation (n = 16) with a mean yield of 75.7%. CFU were enriched 127 fold by immunomagnetic separation. Addition of combinations of recombinant growth factors resulted in cloning efficiencies of(More)
Two novel cytokines, stem cell factor (SCF) and PIXY321 (a fusion protein, granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor+IL-3), have recently been demonstrated to enhance in vitro adult myelopoiesis. In this study, we compared the success of separating very early hematopoietic progenitor cells (CD34+) from both cord blood (CB) and adult bone marrow (ABM)(More)
CD123 (alpha-subunit of IL-3 receptor) expression on primitive and committed human hematopoietic cells was studied by multicolor sorting and single-cell culture. The sources of cells included fetal liver (FLV), fetal bone marrow, umbilical cord blood, adult bone marrow and mobilized peripheral blood. Three subsets of CD34+ cells were defined by the levels(More)