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  • P S Day
  • 1986
This study investigated the expression of communicative intentions by 3-year-old hearing-impaired children who were learning a system for manually coded English. Children were videotaped in their homes, interacting with their mothers. Children's communicative expressions were identified and coded according to a system modified from those developed to(More)
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY Hoof conformation, foot placement and movement asymmetry are routinely assessed as part of the lameness examination. However, to date, few studies have described these parameters, or the interplay between them, in the general horse population. OBJECTIVES To assess foot conformation and foot placement in the forelimbs of a(More)
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY Previous studies have implicated tension in the deep digital flexor tendon (DDFT) in the rotation of the distal phalanx (DP) after the breakdown of the dorsal laminae caused by laminitis. Howeveer, once the DP has rotated, the DDFT should become shorter, reducing the force it exerts on the DP. OBJECTIVE To compare DDFT force(More)
Hoof testers are commonly used in equine practice. In this study, we determined the intraoperator and interoperator reliability of force application with hoof testers for different groups: experienced veterinarians, novices and farriers. For this purpose, we have developed and validated an instrumented hoof tester. Forces varied significantly between the(More)
Horses that had been trimmed and shod by apprentice farriers were sourced from the Royal School of Military Engineering, Melton Mowbray (37 horses) and from the Household Cavalry, Knightsbridge (54 horses). The lateral and medial hoof wall angles of both forelimbs were measured using a Ruidoso hoof gauge by the same operator. The difference between the(More)
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