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Xyloglucan endotransglycosylases (XETs) are encoded by a gene family in Arabidopsis thaliana. These enzymes modify a major structural component of the plant cell wall, xyloglucan, and therefore may influence plant growth and development. We have produced four Arabidopsis XETs (TCH4, Meri-5, EXGT and XTR9) using the baculovirus/insect cell system and(More)
Plant cells are enclosed by walls that define the shapes and sizes of cells and mediate cell-to-cell contact. The dynamics of plant growth, morphogenesis and differentiation require concomitant modifications of the walls. A class of enzymes known as xyloglucan endotransglycosylases have the potential to enzymatically modify wall components, but although(More)
TCH4 encodes a xyloglucan endotransglycosylase (XET) of Arabidopsis thaliana. XETs endolytically cleave and religate xyloglucan polymers; xyloglucan is one of the primary structural components of the plant cell wall. Therefore, XET function may affect cell shape and plant morphogenesis. To gain insight into the biochemical function of TCH4, we defined(More)
Expression of the Arabidopsis TCH genes is markedly upregulated in response to a variety of environmental stimuli including the seemingly innocuous stimulus of touch. Understanding the mechanism(s) and factors that control TCH gene regulation will shed light on the signaling pathways that enable plants to respond to environmental conditions. The TCH(More)
To map the preferred cleavage sites of xyloglucan endotransglycosylases (XETs; EC 2.4.1.207) along the donor substrate chain, we incubated the enzymes with tamarind (Tamarindus indica) xyloglucan (donor substrate; approximately 205 kDa; 21 microM) plus the nonasaccharide [(3)H]XLLGol (Gal(2).Xyl(3).Glc(3). [(3)H]glucitol; acceptor substrate; 0.6 microM).(More)
Breakage-Fusion-Bridge cycles in cancer arise when a broken segment of DNA is duplicated and an end from each copy joined together. This structure then 'unfolds' into a new piece of palindromic DNA. This is one mechanism responsible for the localised amplicons observed in cancer genome data. The process has parallels with paper folding sequences that arise(More)
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