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Combined EEG/fMRI recording has been used to localize the generators of EEG events and to identify subject state in cognitive studies and is of increasing interest. However, the large EEG artifacts induced during fMRI have precluded simultaneous EEG and fMRI recording, restricting study design. Removing this artifact is difficult, as it normally exceeds EEG(More)
Triggering functional MRI (fMRI) image acquisition immediately after an EEG event can provide information on the location of the event generator. However, EEG artifact associated with pulsatile blood flow in a subject inside the scanner may obscure EEG events. This pulse artifact (PA) has been widely recognized as a significant problem, although its(More)
EEG-triggered functional MRI (fMRI) offers the potential to localize the generators of scalp EEG events, such as interictal epileptiform discharges, using a biological measurement as opposed to relying solely on modelling techniques. Although recent studies have demonstrated these possibilities in a small number of patients, wider application has been(More)
The acquisition of electroencephalograms (EEG) during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) experiments raises important practical issues of patient safety. The presence of electrical wires connected to the patient in rapidly changing magnetic fields results in currents flowing through the patient due to induced electromotive forces (EMF), by three(More)
We report on the initial imaging findings with a new technique for the simultaneous and continuous acquisition of functional MRI data and EEG recording. Thirty-seven stereotyped interictal epileptiform discharges (spikes) were identified on EEG recorded continuously during the fMRI acquisition on a patient with epilepsy. Localization of the BOLD activation(More)
Intracerebral EEG (SEEG) recordings showing the development of fast rhythmic activity at seizure onset provide important evidence for the localisation of an epileptic focus. However, very high-frequency activity (greater than 50 Hz) of low amplitude relative to the background may not be apparent on the paper record due to the limited bandwidth and dynamic(More)
Electroencephalographic (EEG) monitoring during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) experiments is increasingly applied for studying physiological and pathological brain function. However, the quality of the fMRI data can be significantly compromised by the EEG recording due to the magnetic susceptibility of the EEG electrode assemblies and(More)
OBJECTIVE To record non-invasively ictal cardiorespiratory variables. METHODS Techniques employed in polysomnography were used in patients with epilepsy undergoing EEG-video recording at a telemetry unit. RESULTS Apnoea (> 10, range > 10-63, mean 24 s) was seen in 20 of 47 clinical seizures (three secondary generalised, 16 complex partial, and one(More)
PURPOSE To demonstrate the integration of complementary functional and structural data acquired with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a patient with localization-related epilepsy. METHODS We studied a patient with partial and secondarily generalized seizures and a hemiparesis due to a malformation of cortical development (MCD) in the right hemisphere(More)
We undertook a prospective nationwide study to determine the incidence of photosensitive epilepsy (PE). Virtually all EEG departments in Great Britain (providing approximately 90% coverage of all EEGs performed on people with newly diagnosed seizures) screened cases referred to them over a 3 month period and identified all new cases of epilepsy (defined as(More)