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Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) initiate, promote, and maintain chondrogenesis and osteogenesis. We hypothesize that BMP-2 induces an osteogenic, and BMP-7 a chondrogenic phenotype in adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AT-MSCs). We compared the effects of a short 15min BMP-2 or BMP-7 (10ng/ml) treatment on osteogenic and chondrogenic(More)
Despite improvements in treatment regimens for osteosarcoma (OS) patients, survival rate has not increased over the last two decades. New treatment modalities are therefore warranted. Preclinical results with conditionally replicative adenoviruses (CRAds) to treat OS are promising. One type of CRAd that was effective against OS cells is Ad5-Delta24RGD. In(More)
New regenerative treatment strategies are being developed for intervertebral disc degeneration of which the implantation of various cell types is promising. All cell types used so far require in vitro expansion prior to clinical use, as these cells are only limited available. Adipose-tissue is an abundant, expendable and easily accessible source of(More)
Degenerative disc disease (DDD) is a major cause of chronic low back pain. For mild/intermediate DDD, regeneration by injecting adipose stem cells (ASCs) into the nucleus pulposus (NP) may be considered. The goal of this study is to investigate whether NP cells can direct ASCs towards the NP phenotype. Interactions between NP cells and ASCs were studied in(More)
Tissue microenvironment plays a critical role in guiding local stem cell differentiation. Within the intervertebral disc, collagen type II and nucleus pulposus (NP) cells are two major components. This study aimed to investigate how collagen type II and NP cells affect adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) in a 3D environment. ASCs were cultured in(More)
This review begins with an introduction to the malignant bone tumor, osteosarcoma [OS] and then moves to a discussion of the commonly used vectors for gene transfer. We first briefly highlight non-viral vectors including polymeric and liposomal delivery systems but concentrate predominantly on the 5 leading viral vectors used in cancer gene therapy,(More)
For bone tissue engineering, it is important that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiate into osteoblasts. To develop a method for differentiation of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AT-MSCs) along the osteogenic lineage, we studied the effect of polyamines, which are organic cations implicated in bone growth and development, on(More)
Adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AT-MSCs) are currently used for bone tissue engineering. AT-MSCs undergoing osteogenic differentiation respond to mechanical loading with increased cyclooxygenase-2 gene expression, a key enzyme in prostaglandin (PG) synthesis. PGs are potent multifunctional regulators in bone, exhibiting stimulatory and(More)
BACKGROUND Despite improvements in the treatment of osteosarcoma (OS) there are still too many patients who cannot benefit from current treatment modalities. Therefore, new therapeutic approaches are warranted. Here we explore the efficacy of targeted adenoviral based suicide gene therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS Immunohistochemistry and FACS analysis(More)
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