Learn More
The discovery that atrial extracts have potent diuretic and natriuretic properties revealed a possible endocrine function of the heart in the regulation of extracellular fluid volume. Since that first report intense research activity has been directed towards determining the mechanism of action of the active atrial natriuretic polypeptides (ANP) found in(More)
SUMMARY In 1214 symptomatic medically treated patients with coronary artery disease, 57 noninvasive baseline clinical characteristics and 24 catheterization descriptors were analyzed by a multivariable analysis technique to determine the characteristics that were independent predictors of survival and, in particular, to determine whether noninvasive(More)
We have used immunocytochemistry to quantitate neuronal neuropeptide Y in superior cervical ganglia of a strain of normotensive Wistar-Otago rats and a related genetically hypertensive strain over the age range 1-60 weeks. The numbers of neuropeptide Y-immunoreactive cells and total ganglionic cell numbers were both greater in ganglia of young normotensive(More)
In this study we extended the characterization of outcome in 1214 medically treated patients with coronary disease by considering nonfatal infarction and death together as ischemic events. At 7 years, the cumulative event rate was 47% (18% for nonfatal infarction as the initial event and 29% for death as the initial event). In multivariable analysis of 81(More)
Two-dimensional echocardiography (2-D echo) was used with peripherally injected contrast material to detect interatrial shunts in 33 patients. Group 1 consisted of 11 patients having classic clinical findings of atrial septal defect. Group 2 consisted of 12 patients with problems requiring that atrial shunting be excluded. Group 3 (control group) consisted(More)
Two hundred twenty-nine hospital survivors of acute myocardial infarction (MI) age 60 years or younger underwent coronary arteriography a median of 2 weeks after infarction and were followed a median of 24 months (range 6-62 months). For 62%, MI was the first presentation of coronary disease and 75% were in clinical Killip class I. Overall outcome was good:(More)
Repetitive stimulation of the small myelinated and non-myelinated afferents of the common peroneal (c.p.) nerve evokes a long-lasting (20-25 min), naloxone-reversible inhibition of the sural-gastrocnemius reflex in the decerebrated and spinalized rabbit. Altering the number and frequency of stimuli applied to the c.p. nerve showed that this inhibition was(More)
1. In anaesthetized dogs, we have investigated the effect on renal responses to sympathetic nerve stimulation of acute treatment with the catecholaminergic neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (2 mg kg-1 i.v.), administered alone or after blockade of neuronal catecholamine uptake pathways for noradrenaline (NA) or dopamine with desmethylimipramine or benztropine,(More)
Eleven patients with severe left ventricular impairment (mean ejection fraction 24%) and moderate impairment of exercise tolerance underwent a double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial of the orally administered /3-agonist prenalterol. Exercise hemodynamics and tolerance were measured during bicycle and treadmill exercise after 2 weeks of therapy(More)
Plasma levels of dopamine (DA) and noradrenaline (NA) were measured in arterial and in femoral and renal venous blood of chloralose-anaesthetised dogs at rest, and during electrical stimulation of the femoral and renal sympathetic nerve supplies. In the femoral bed, sympathetic nerve stimulation elevated venous efflux of NA, but did not reproducibly elevate(More)